References

% Abbreviations for common journals

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Hirschi, J. J.-M., Frajka-Williams, E., Blaker, A. T., Sinha, B., Hyder, P., Coward, A., & others. Loop Current variability as trigger of coherent Gulf Stream transport anomalies.

Garry, F. K., McDonagh, E. L., Blaker, A. T., Roberts, C. D., Desbruyeres, D. G., Frajka-Williams, E., & King, B. A. Model derived uncertainties in deep ocean temperature trends between 1990–2010. Jgr.

Frajka-Williams, E., & others. OceanObs19: Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: Observed transport fluxes and mechanisms. Frontiers in Marine Science.

Vic, C., Garabato, A. C. N., Green, J. A. M., Waterhouse, A. F., Zhao, Z., Melet, A., … and G. R. Stephenson. Deep-ocean mixing driven by small-scale internal tides. Ncomm.

Garabato, A. C. N., Frajka-Williams, E., Spingys, C. P., Legg, S., Polzin, K. L., Forryan, A., … Meredith, M. P. Rapid mixing and exchange of deep-ocean waters in an abyssal boundary current. Science.

MacGilchrist, G. A., Garabato, A. C. N., Brown, P. J., Jullion, L., Bacon, S., Bakker, D. C. E., … and S. Torres-Valdes. Reframing the polar Southern Ocean carbon cycle. Science.

Evans, D. G., Zika, J. D., Garabato, A. C. N., & Nurser, A. J. G. The cold transit of Southern Ocean upwelling. Grl.

Calafat, F. M., Wahl, T., Lindsten, F., Williams, J., & Frajka-Williams, E. (2018). Coherent modulation of the sea-level annual cycle in the United States by Atlantic Rossby waves. Natcomm, 9, 2571. http://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-04898-y

Dotto, T. S., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Bacon, S., Tsamados, M., Holland, P. R., Hooley, J., … Meredith, M. P. (2018). Variability of the Ross Gyre, Southern Ocean: drivers and responses revealed by satellite altimetry. Grl, 45, 6195–6204. http://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL078607

Vic, C., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Green, J. A. M., Spingys, C., Forryan, A., Zhao, Z., & Sharples, J. (2018). The lifecycle of semidiurnal internal tides over the northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Jpo.

Frajka-Williams, E., Landerer, F., & Lee, T. Fast response of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to mid-latitude winds. Grl.

Frajka-Williams, E., Lankhorst, M., Koelling, J., & Send, U. (2018). Coherent circulation changes in the Deep North Atlantic from 16N and 26N transport arrays. Jgr, 123, 3427–3443. http://doi.org/10.1029/2018JC013949

Schulze, L., & Frajka-Williams, E. (2018). Wind-driven transport of fresh shelf waters into the Labrador Sea. Os. http://doi.org/10.5194/os-2018-18

Smeed, D. A., Josey, S., Johns, W., Moat, B., Frajka-Williams, E., Rayner, D., … McCarthy, G. (2018). The North Atlantic Ocean is in a state of reduced overturning. Grl, 45, 1527–1533. http://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL076350

Sinha, B., Smeed, D. A., McCarthy, G., Moat, B. I., Josey, S. A., Hirschi, J. J.-M., … Madec, G. (2018). The Accuracy of Estimates of the Overturning Circulation from Basin Wide Mooring Arrays. Pio, 160, 101–123. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2017.12.001

Frajka-Williams, E., Bamber, J., & Vage, K. (2016). Greenland Melt and the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Tos. http://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.96

Frajka-Williams, E., Bealieu, C., & Duchez, A. (2017). Emerging negative Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation index in spite of warm subtropics. Scientific Reports (in Press).

Brearley, J. A., Meredith, M. P., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Venables, H. J., & Inall, M. E. (2017). Controls on turbulent mixing on the West Antarctic Peninsula shelf. dsr2, 139, 18–30. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2017.02.011

Cusack, J. M., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Smeed, D. A., & Girton, J. B. (2017). Observation of a large lee wave in the Drake Passage. Jpo, 47(4), 793–810. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-16-0153.1

Evans, D. G., Toole, J., Forget, G., Zika, J. D., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Nurser, A. J. G., & Yu, L. (2017). Recent wind-driven variability in Atlantic water mass distribution and meridional overturning circulation. Jpo, 47(3), 633–647. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-16-0089.1

Brannigan, L., Marshall, D. P., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Nurser, A. J. G., & Kaiser, J. (2017). Submesoscale instabilities in mesoscale eddies. Jpo, 47, 3061–3085. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-16-0178.1

Mashayek, A., Ferrari, R., Merrifield, S., Ledwell, J., Laurent, L. S., & Naveira Garabato, A. (2017). Topographic enhancement of vertical turbulent mixing in the Southern Ocean. Ncomm, 8. http://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms14197

Naveira Garabato, A. C., Forryan, A., Dutrieux, P., Brannigan, L., Biddle, L. C., Heywood, K. J., … Kimura, S. (2017). Vigorous lateral export of the meltwater outflow from beneath an Antarctic ice shelf. Nat, 542(7640), 219–222. http://doi.org/10.1038/nature20825

Heywood, K. J., Biddle, L. C., Boehme, L., Dutrieux, P., Fedak, M., Jenkins, A., … Webber, B. G. M. (2016). Between the devil and the deep blue sea: the role of the Amundsen Sea continental shelf in exchanges between ocean and ice shelves. Tos, 29(4), 118–129. http://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.104

Kimura, S., Jenkins, A., Dutrieux, P., Forryan, A., Naveira Garabato, A., & Firing, Y. (2016). Ocean mixing beneath Pine Island Glacier ice shelf, West Antarctica. Jgr, 121(12), 8496–8510. http://doi.org/10.1002/2016JC012149

Meijers, A. J. S., Meredith, M. P., Abrahamsen, E. P., Maqueda, M. A. M., Jones, D. C., & Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2016). Wind-driven export of Weddell Sea slope water. Jgr, 121(10), 7530–7546. http://doi.org/10.1002/2016JC011757

Loose, B., Jenkins, W. J., Moriarty, R., Brown, P., Jullion, L., Naveira Garabato, A. C., … Meredith, M. P. (2016). Estimating the recharge properties of the deep ocean using noble gases and helium isotopes. Jgr, 121(8), 5959–5979. http://doi.org/10.1002/2016JC011809

Broadbridge, M. B., Naveira Garabato, A. C., & Nurser, A. J. G. (2016). Forcing of the overturning circulation across a circumpolar channel by internal wave breaking. Jgr, 121(8), 5436–5451. http://doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011597

Thompson, A. F., Lazar, A., Buckingham, C., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Damerell, G., & Heywood, K. J. (2016). Open-ocean submesoscale motions: A full seasonal cycle of mixed layer instabilities from gliders. Jpo, 46(4), 1285–1307. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-15-0170.1

Buckingham, C. E., Garabato, A. C. N., Thompson, A. F., Brannigan, L., Lazar, A., Marshall, D. P., … Belcher, S. E. (2016). Seasonality of submesoscale flows in the ocean surface boundary layer. Grl, 43(5), 2118–2126. http://doi.org/10.1002/2016GL068009

de Lavergne, C., Madec, G., Sommer, J. L., Nurser, A. J. G., & Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2016). On the consumption of Antarctic Bottom Water in the abyssal ocean. Jpo, 46(2), 635–661. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0201.1

de Lavergne, C., Madec, G., Sommer, J. L., Nurser, A. J. G., & Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2016). The impact of variability in mixing efficiency on the abyssal overturning. Jpo, 46(2), 663–681. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0259.1

Naveira Garabato, A. C., Zika, J. D., Jullion, L., Brown, P. J., Holland, P. R., Meredith, M. P., & Bacon, S. (2016). The thermodynamic balance of the Weddell Gyre. Grl, 43(1), 317–325. http://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL066658

Naveira Garabato, A. C., Polzin, K. L., Ferrari, R., Zika, J. D., & Forryan, A. (2016). A microscale view of mixing and overturning across the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Jpo, 46(1), 233–254. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-15-0025.1

Trossman, D. S., Waterman, S., Polzin, K. L., Arbic, B. K., Garner, S. T., Naveira Garabato, A. C., & Sheen, K. L. (2015). Internal lee wave closures: Parameter sensitivity and comparison to observations. Jgr, 120(12), 7997–8019. http://doi.org/10.1002/2015JC010892

Sarkar, S., Sheen, K. L., Klaeschen, D., Brearley, J. A., Minshull, T. A., Berndt, C., … Garabato, A. C. N. (2015). Seismic reflection imaging of mixing processes in Fram Strait. Jgr, 120(10), 6884–6896. http://doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011009

Sévellec, F., Garabato, A. C. N., Brearley, J. A., & Sheen, K. L. (2015). Vertical flow in the Southern Ocean estimated from individual moorings. Jpo, 45(9), 2209–2200. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0065.1

Brannigan, L., Marshall, D. P., Naveira Garabato, A. C., & Nurser, A. J. G. (2015). The seasonal cycle of submesoscale flows. Ocm, 92, 69–84. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.05.002

Sheen, K. L., Brearley, J. A., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Smeed, D. A., St. Laurent, L. C., Meredith, M. P., … Waterman, S. N. (2015). Modification of turbulent dissipation rates by a deep Southern Ocean eddy. Grl, 42(9), 3450–3457. http://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL063216

Forryan, A., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Polzin, K. L., & Waterman, S. N. (2015). Rapid injection of near-inertial shear into the stratified upper ocean at an Antarctic Circumpolar Current front. Grl, 42(9), 3431–3441. http://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL063494

Brown, P. J., Jullion, L., Landschutzer, P., Bakker, D. C. E., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Meredith, M. P., … Wanninkhof, R. (2015). Carbon dynamics of the Weddell Gyre, Southern Ocean. Gbc, 29(3), 288–306. http://doi.org/10.1002/2014GB005006

Meredith, M. P., Meijers, A. S., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Brown, P. J., Venables, H. J., Abrahamsen, E. P., & Jullion, L. (2015). Circulation, retention, and mixing of waters within the Weddell - Scotia Confluence, Southern Ocean: The role of stratified Taylor columns. Jgr, 120(1), 547–562. http://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010462

Bulczak, A. I., Bacon, S., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Ridout, A., Sonnewald, M. J. P., & Laxon, S. W. (2015). Seasonal variability of sea surface height in the coastal waters and deep basins of the Nordic Seas. Grl, 42(1), 113–120. http://doi.org/10.1002/2014GL061796

Polzin, K. L., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Abrahamsen, E. P., Jullion, L., & Meredith, M. P. (2014). Boundary mixing in Orkney Passage outflow. Jgr, 119(12), 8627–8645. http://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010099

Evans, D. G., Zika, J. D., Naveira Garabato, A. C., & Nurser, A. J. G. (2014). The imprint of Southern Ocean overturning on seasonal water mass variability in Drake Passage. Jgr, 119(11), 7987–8010. http://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010097

Rye, C., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Holland, P. R., Meredith, M. P., Nurser, A. J. G., Hughes, C. W., … Webb, D. J. (2014). Rapid sea-level rise along the Antarctic margins in response to increased glacial discharge. Natgeo, 7(10), 732–735. http://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2230

Sheen, K. L., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Brearley, J. A., Meredith, M. P., Polzin, K. L., Smeed, D. A., … Watson, A. J. (2014). Eddy-induced variability in Southern Ocean abyssal mixing on climatic timescales. Natgeo, 7(10), 577–582. http://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2200

Waterhouse, A. F., MacKinnon, J. A., Nash, J. D., Alford, M. H., Kunze, E., Simmons, H. L., … Lee, C. M. (2014). Global patterns of diapycnal mixing from measurements of the turbulent dissipation rate. Jpo, 44(7), 1854–1872. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-13-0104.1

Thompson, A. F., & Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2014). Equilibration of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current by standing meanders. Jpo, 44(7), 1811–1828. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-13-0163.1

Meredith, M. P., Jullion, L., Brown, P. J., Naveira Garabato, A. C., & Couldrey, M. P. (2014). Dense waters of the Weddell and Scotia seas: Recent changes in properties and circulation. Phil, 372(2019), 20130041. http://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2013.0041

Brown, P. J., Meredith, M. P., Jullion, L., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Torres-Vald\?es, S., Holland, P. R., … Venables, H. J. (2014). Freshwater fluxes in the Weddell Gyre: Results from δ^18O. Phil, 372(2019), 20130298. http://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2013.0298

Jullion, L., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Bacon, S., Meredith, M. P., Brown, P. J., Torres-Vald\?es, S., … Fahrbach, E. (2014). The contribution of the Weddell Gyre to the lower limb of the global overturning circulation. Jgr, 119(6), 3357–3377. http://doi.org/10.1002/2013JC009725

Waterman, S. N., Polzin, K. L., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Sheen, K. L., & Forryan, A. (2014). Suppression of internal wave breaking in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current near topography. Jpo, 44(5), 1466–1492. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-12-0154.1

MacGilchrist, G. A., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Tsubouchi, T., Bacon, S., Torres-Valdés, S., & Azetsu-Scott, K. (2014). The Arctic Ocean carbon sink. Dsr, 86, 39–55. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2014.01.002

Polzin, K. L., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Huussen, T. N., Sloyan, B. M., & Waterman, S. N. (2014). Finescale parameterizations of turbulent dissipation. Jgr, 119(2), 1383–1419. http://doi.org/10.1002/2013JC008979

Brearley, J. A., Sheen, K. L., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Smeed, D. A., Speer, K. G., Thurnherr, A. M., … Waterman, S. N. (2014). Deep boundary current disintegration in Drake Passage. Grl, 41(1), 121–127. http://doi.org/10.1002/2013GL058617

Naveira Garabato, A. C., Williams, A. P., & Bacon, S. (2014). The three-dimensional overturning circulation of the Southern Ocean during the WOCE era. Pio, 120, 41–78. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2013.07.018

Zika, J. D., Le Sommer, J., Dufour, C. O., Naveira Garabato, A. C., & Blaker, A. (2013). Acceleration of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current by wind stress along the coast of Antarctica. Jpo, 43(12), 2772–2784. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-13-091.1

Rintoul, S. R., & Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2013). Dynamics of the Southern Ocean circulation. Ocean Circulation and Climate: A 21^\Mboxst Century Perspective, G. Siedler, S. Griffies, J. Gould &Amp; J. Church, Eds., Academic Press, 103, 471–492. http://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-391851-2.00018-0

MacKinnon, J., St. Laurent, L., & Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2013). Diapycnal mixing processes in the ocean interior. Ocean Circulation and Climate: A 21^\Mboxst Century Perspective, G. Siedler, S. Griffies, J. Gould &Amp; J. Church, Eds., Academic Press, 103, 159–184. http://doi.org/110.1016/B978-0-12-391851-2.00007-6

Brearley, J. A., Sheen, K. L., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Smeed, D. A., & Waterman, S. N. (2013). Eddy-induced modulation of turbulent dissipation over rough topography in the Southern Ocean. Jpo, 43(11), 2288–2308. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-12-0222.1

Jullion, L., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Meredith, M. P., Holland, P. R., Courtois, P., & King, B. A. (2013). Decadal freshening of the Antarctic Bottom Water exported from the Weddell Sea. Joc, 26(20), 8111–8125. http://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00765.1

Watson, A. J., Ledwell, J. R., Messias, M.-J., King, B. A., Mackay, N., Meredith, M. P., … Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2013). Rapid cross-density ocean mixing at mid depths in Drake Passage measured by a tracer release. Nat, 501(7467), 408–411. http://doi.org/10.1038/nature12432

Sheen, K. L., Brearley, J. A., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Ledwell, J. R., Meredith, M. P., Smeed, D. A., … Watson, A. J. (2013). Rates and mechanisms of turbulent dissipation and mixing in the Southern Ocean: Results from the Diapycnal and Isopycnal Mixing Experiment in the Southern Ocean (DIMES). Jgr, 118(6), 2774–2792. http://doi.org/10.1002/jgrc.20217

Close, S. E., Naveira Garabato, A. C., McDonagh, E. L., King, B. A., Biuw, M., & B\?ohme, L. (2013). Control of mode and intermediate water mass properties in Drake Passage by the Amundsen Sea Low. Joc, 26(14), 5102–5123. http://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00346.1

Couldrey, M. P., Jullion, L., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Rye, C., Herr\?aiz-Borreguero, L., Brown, P. J., … Speer, K. L. (2013). Remotely induced warming of Antarctic Bottom Water in the eastern Weddell gyre. Grl, 40(11), 2755–2760. http://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50526

Naveira Garabato, A. C., Nurser, A. G. J., Scott, R. B., & Goff, J. A. (2013). The impact of small-scale topography on the dynamical balance of the ocean. Jpo, 43(3), 647–668. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-12-056.1

Torres-Vald\?es, S., Tsubouchi, T., Bacon, S., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Sanders, R. J., McLaughlin, F. A., … Whitledge, T. E. (2013). Export of nutrients from the Arctic Ocean. Jgr, 118(4), 1625–1644. http://doi.org/10.1002/jgrc.20063

Meredith, M. P., Brown, P. J., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Jullion, L., Venables, H. J., & Messias, M.-J. (2013). Dense bottom layers in the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean: Creation, lifespan and destruction. Grl, 40(5), 933–936. http://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50260

Waterman, S. N., Naveira Garabato, A. C., & Polzin, K. L. (2013). Internal waves and turbulence in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Jpo, 43(2), 259–282. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-11-0194.1

St. Laurent, L. C., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Ledwell, J. R., Thurnherr, A. M., Toole, J. M., & Watson, A. J. (2012). Turbulence and diapycnal mixing in Drake Passage. Jpo, 42(12), 2143–2152. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-12-027.1

Lauderdale, J. M., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Oliver, K. I. C., Follows, M. J., & Williams, R. G. (2013). Wind-driven changes in Southern Ocean residual circulation, ocean carbon reservoirs and atmospheric CO_2. Cd, 41(7–8), 2145–2164. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1650-3

Lauderdale, J., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Oliver, K. I. C., & Thomas, L. N. (2012). Climatic variations of the work done by the wind on the ocean’s general circulation. Jgr, 117(c9), C09017. http://doi.org/10.1029/2012JC008135

Huussen, T. N., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Bryden, H. L., & McDonagh, E. L. (2012). Is the deep Indian Ocean MOC sustained by breaking internal waves? Jgr, 117(c8), C08024. http://doi.org/10.1029/2012JC008236

Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2012). A perspective on the future of physical oceanography. Phil, 370(1980), 5480–5511. http://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2012.0400

Close, S. E., & Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2012). Baroclinic adjustment in Drake Passage driven by tropical Pacific forcing. Grl, 39(19), L19610. http://doi.org/10.1029/2012GL053402

Damerell, G., Heywood, K. J., Stevens, D. P., & Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2012). Temporal variability of diapycnal mixing in Shag Rocks Passage. Jpo, 42(3), 370–385. http://doi.org/10.1175/2011JPO4573.1

Zuo, H., Naveira Garabato, A. C., New, A. L., & Oschlies, A. Z. (2012). Mechanisms of Subantarctic Mode Water upwelling in a hybrid-coordinate global GCM. Ocm, 45?-46, 59–80. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2011.12.006

Tsubouchi, T., Bacon, S., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Aksenov, Y., Laxon, S. W., Fahrbach, E., … Ingvaldsen, R. B. (2012). The Arctic Ocean in summer: a quasi-synoptic inverse estimate of boundary fluxes and water mass transformation. Jgr, 117(c1), C01024. http://doi.org/10.1029/2011JC007174

Meredith, M. P., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Hogg, A. M. C., & Farneti, R. (2012). Sensitivity of the overturning circulation in the Southern Ocean to decadal changes in wind forcing. Joc, 25(1), 99–110. http://doi.org/10.1175/2011JCLI4204.1

Palmer, M., Gomis, D., Flexas, M. M., Jordá, G., Jullion, L., Tsubouchi, T., & Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2012). Water mass pathways and transports over the South Scotia Ridge west of 50^\circW. Dsr, 59, 8–24. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2011.10.005

Rogers, A. D., Tyler, P. A., Connelly, D. P., Copley, J. T., James, R., Larter, R. D., … Zwirglmaier, K. (2012). The discovery of new deep-sea hydrothermal vent communities in the Southern Ocean and implications for biogeography. Plos, 10(1), e1001234. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001234

Meredith, M. P., Woodworth, P. L., Chereskin, T. K., Marshall, D. P., Allison, L. C., Bigg, G. R., … Sprintall, J. (2011). Sustained monitoring of the Southern Ocean at Drake Passage: past achievements and future priorities. Rg, 49(4), RG4005. http://doi.org/10.1029/2010RG000348

Scott, R. B., Goff, J. A., Naveira Garabato, A. C., & Nurser, A. J. G. (2011). Global rate and spectral characteristics of internal gravity wave generation by geostrophic flow over topography. Jgr, 116(c9), C09029. http://doi.org/10.1029/2011JC007005

Aksenov, Y., Ivanov, V. V., Nurser, A. J. G., Bacon, S., Polyakov, I. V., Coward, A. C., … Beszczynska-Möller, A. (2011). The Arctic Circumpolar Boundary Current. Jgr, 116(c9), C09017. http://doi.org/10.1029/2010JC006637

Naveira Garabato, A. C., Ferrari, R., & Polzin, K. L. (2011). Eddy stirring in the Southern Ocean. Jgr, 116(c9), C09019. http://doi.org/10.1029/2010JC006818

Naveira Garabato, A. C., Ferrari, R., & Polzin, K. L. (2011). Eddy stirring in the Southern Ocean. Jgr, 116(c9), C09019. http://doi.org/10.1029/2010JC006818

Meredith, M. P., Gordon, A. L., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Abrahamsen, E. P., Huber, B. A., Jullion, L., & Venables, H. J. (2011). Synchronous intensification and warming of the Antarctic Bottom Water outflow from the Weddell gyre. Grl, 38(3), L03603. http://doi.org/10.1029/2010GL046265

Kemp, A. E. S., Grigorov, I., Pearce, R. B., & Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2010). Migration of the Antarctic Polar Front through the mid-Pleistocene transition: Evidence and climatic implications. Qsr, 29(17–18), 1993–2009. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.04.027

Jullion, L., Jones, S. C., Naveira Garabato, A. C., & Meredith, M. P. (2010). Wind-controlled export of Antarctic Bottom Water from the Weddell Sea. Grl, 37, L09609. http://doi.org/10.1029/2010GL042822

Jullion, L., Heywood, K. J., Naveira Garabato, A. C., & Stevens, D. P. (2010). Circulation and water mass modification in the Brazil-Malvinas Confluence. Jpo, 40(5), 845–864. http://doi.org/10.1175/2009JPO4174.1

Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2009). Energetics of ocean mixing. Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, J. H. Steele, K. K. Turekian &Amp; S. A. Thorpe, Eds., Academic Press, 261–270. Retrieved from https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/153583/

Dodd, P. A., Heywood, K. J., Meredith, M. P., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Marca, A. C., & Falkner, K. K. (2009). Sources and fate of freshwater exported in the East Greenland Current. Grl, 36, L19608. http://doi.org/10.1029/2009GL039663

Naveira Garabato, A. C., Jullion, L., Stevens, D. P., Heywood, K. J., & King, B. A. (2009). Variability of Subantarctic Mode Water and Antarctic Intermediate Water in the Drake Passage during the late-twentieth and early-twenty-first centuries. Joc, 22(13), 3661–3688. http://doi.org/10.1029/2009GL039663

Mayewski, P. A., Meredith, M. P., Summerhayes, C. P., Turner, J., Worby, A., Barrett, P. J., … van Ommen, T. (2009). State of the Antarctic and Southern Ocean climate system. Rg, 47, RG1003. http://doi.org/10.1029/2007RG000231

Meredith, M. P., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Gordon, A. L., & Johnson, G. C. (2008). Evolution of the deep and bottom waters of the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean, during 1995 - 2005. Joc, 21(13), 3327–3343. http://doi.org/10.1175/2007JCLI2238.1

Marshall, D. P., & Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2008). A conjecture on the role of bottom-enhanced diapycnal mixing in the parameterization of geostrophic eddies. Jpo, 38(7), 1607–1613. http://doi.org/10.1175/2007JPO3619.1

Park, Y.-H., Fuda, J.-L., Durand, I., & Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2008). Internal tides and vertical mixing over the Kerguelen Plateau. dsr2, 55(5?-7), 582–593. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.12.027

Lauderdale, J., Bacon, S., Naveira Garabato, A. C., & Holliday, N. P. (2008). Intensified turbulent mixing in the boundary current system of southern Greenland. Grl, 35, L04611. http://doi.org/10.1029/2007GL032785

Drijfhout, S. S., & Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2008). The zonal dimension of the Indian Ocean Meridional Overturning Circulation. Jpo, 38(2), 359–379. http://doi.org/10.1175/2007JPO3640.1

Charette, M. A., Gonneea, M. E., Morris, P., Statham, P., Fones, G., Planquette, H., … Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2007). Radium isotopes as tracers of iron sources fueling a Southern Ocean phytoplankton bloom. dsr2, 54(18?-20), 1989–1998. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.06.003

Palmer, M. D., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Stark, J. D., Hirschi, J., & Marotzke, J. (2007). The influence of diapycnal mixing on quasi-steady overturning circulation states in the Indian Ocean. Jpo, 37(9), 2290–2304. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO3117.1

Naveira Garabato, A. C., Stevens, D. P., Watson, A. J., & Roether, W. (2007). Short-circuiting of the overturning circulation in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Nat, 447(7141), 194–197. http://doi.org/10.1038/nature05832

Watson, A. J., & Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2006). The role of Southern Ocean mixing and upwelling in glacial-interglacial atmospheric CO_2 change. Tel, 58B(1), 73–87. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2005.00167.x

Naveira Garabato, A. C., Oliver, K. I. C., Watson, A. J., & Messias, M.-J. (2004). Turbulent diapycnal mixing in the Nordic Seas. Jgr, 109(C12), C12010. http://doi.org/10.1029/2004JC002411

Heywood, K. J., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Stevens, D. P., & Muench, R. D. (2004). On the fate of the Antarctic Slope Front and the origin of the Weddell Front. Jgr, 109(C6), C06021. http://doi.org/10.1029/2003JC002053

Naveira Garabato, A. C., Polzin, K. L., King, B. A., Heywood, K. J., & Visbeck, M. (2004). Widespread intense turbulent mixing in the Southern Ocean. Sci, 303(5655), 210–213. http://doi.org/10.1126/science.1090929

Naveira Garabato, A. C., Stevens, D. P., & Heywood, K. J. (2003). Water mass conversion, fluxes and mixing in the Scotia Sea diagnosed by an inverse model. Jpo, 33(12), 2565–2587. http://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(2003)033<2551:AMSOTC>2.0.CO;2

Naveira Garabato, A. C., McDonagh, E. L., Stevens, D. P., Heywood, K. J., & Sanders, R. J. (2002). On the export of Antarctic Bottom Water from the Weddell Sea. dsr2, 49(21), 4715–4742. http://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(2003)033<2551:AMSOTC>2.0.CO;2

Strass, V. H., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Bracher, A. U., Pollard, R. T., & Lucas, M. I. (2002). A 3-D mesoscale map of primary production at the Antarctic Polar Front: Results of a diagnostic model. dsr2, 49(18), 3813–3834. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0645(02)00112-1

Naveira Garabato, A. C., Strass, V. H., & Kattner, G. (2002). Fluxes of nutrients in a three-dimensional meander structure of the Antarctic Polar Front. dsr2, 49(18), 3771–3792. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0645(02)00110-8

Strass, V. H., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Pollard, R. T., Fischer, H. I., Hense, I., Allen, J. T., … Smetacek, V. (2002). Mesoscale frontal dynamics: shaping the environment of primary production in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. dsr2, 49(18), 3735–3769. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0645(02)00109-1

Arhan, M., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Heywood, K. J., & Stevens, D. P. (2002). The Antarctic Circumpolar Current between the Falkland Islands and South Georgia. Jpo, 32(6), 1914–1931. http://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(2002)032<1914:TACCBT>2.0.CO;2

Naveira Garabato, A. C., Heywood, K. J., & Stevens, D. P. (2002). Modification and pathways of Southern Ocean deep waters in the Scotia Sea. Dsr, 49(4), 681–705. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0637(01)00071-1

Heywood, K. J., Naveira Garabato, A. C., & Stevens, D. P. (2002). High mixing rates in the abyssal Southern Ocean. Nat, 415(6875), 1011–1014. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0637(01)00071-1

Meredith, M. P., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Stevens, D. P., Heywood, K. J., & Sanders, R. J. (2001). Deep and bottom waters in the eastern Scotia Sea: Rapid changes in properties and circulation. Jpo, 31(8), 2157–2168. http://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<2157:DABWIT>2.0.CO;2

Naveira Garabato, A. C., Allen, J. T., Leach, H., Strass, V. H., & Pollard, R. T. (2001). Mesoscale subduction at the Antarctic Polar Front driven by baroclinic instability. Jpo, 31(8), 2087–2107. http://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<2087:MSATAP>2.0.CO;2 %———— Eleanor’s

Elipot, S., Frajka-Williams, E., Hughes, C., Olhede, S., & Lankhorst, M. (2017). Observed basin-scale response of the North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to wind stress forcing. Joc. http://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0664.1

Frajka-Williams, E. (2016). Prediction from the University of Southampton: NEAR-REAL TIME ESTIMATES OF THE AMOC USING ALTIMETRY. Retrieved from http://rapidchallenge2015.blogspot.co.uk/2016/01/prediction-from-university-of.html % doi = {10.6084/m9.figshare.1463480},

Frajka-Williams, E. (2015). Sea surface height-based proxy for the MOC, 1993-2014 (Version 1.0). Figshare. http://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1463480

Frajka-Williams, E. (2015). Estimating the Atlantic overturning at 26N using satellite altimetry [IUGG]. Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/eleanorfrajka/2015-06talkmtgiuggefwmocfromspacewide ,

Frajka-Williams, E. (2015). Using satellite observations to broaden our spatial view of AMOC variability [RAPID mtg]. Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/eleanorfrajka/2015-07talkmtgrapidefwmocfromspacefinal

Frajka-Williams, E., Evans, D. G., Florindo-Lopez, C., & Brown, N. J. (2015). Thermohaline experiment (time-lapse, black dye, 10rpm). YouTube. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2vA8lGGl7K8

Frajka-Williams, E., Schulze, L., & MacGilchrist, G. (2013). Weather in a Tank: Gyres (removing fans). YouTube. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PlkQuvc-8Mc

Duchez, A., Frajka-Williams, E., Josey, S. A., Evans, D. G., Grist, J. P., Marsh, R., … Hirschi, J. J.-M. (2016). Drivers of exceptionally cold North Atlantic Ocean temperatures and their link to the 2015 European heat wave. Erl, 11, 074004. http://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/11/7/074004

Duchez, A., Desbruyéres, D., Hirschi, J. J.-M., Frajka-Williams, E., Josey, S., & Evans, D. G. (2016). The tale of a surprisingly cold blob in the North Atlantic. US CLIVAR Variations, 14, 19–23. Retrieved from https://indd.adobe.com/view/ffe33cde-3628-42e8-adc2-eaf85d8312e4

Frajka-Williams, E. (2014). Women in Oceanography: A decade later. The Oceanography Society Magazine, 27(4), 65. Retrieved from http://www.tos.org/oceanography/issue/volume-27-issue-04-supplement

Johns, W. E., & Frajka-Williams, E. (2011). RV Knorr Cruise KN200-4, 13 Apr–3 May 2011. RAPID Mooring Cruise. (No. NOC cruise report-07) (pp. 96 p). National Oceanography Centre, Southampton. Retrieved from http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/308915/

Frajka-Williams, E. (2011). RAPID: Observations of the meridional overturning circulation at 26N. UK Challenger Society: Ocean Challenge, 18, 14–18.

Martini, K., Frajka-Williams, E., & Mouw, C. (2009). Conference Report The Pattullo Conference: Building community through mentoring. The Oceanography Society Magazine, 22, 226–227.

Frajka-Williams, E. (2009). The spring phytoplankton bloom and vertical velocities in stratified and deep convecting Labrador Sea, as observed by Seagliders (PhD thesis). College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Retrieved from http://pqdtopen.proquest.com/doc/305014666.html?FMT=ABS % high latitudes, observations, model

Frajka-Williams, E., Kunze, E., & MacKinnon, J. A. (2005). Bispectra of Internal Tides and Parametric Subharmonic Instability. ArXiv, 1–23. Retrieved from http://arxiv.org/abs/1410.0926

Frajka-Williams, E. (2004). Convection in a Fluid Loop. In Proceedings of the WHOI Geophysical Fluid Dynamics program. Retrieved from https://www.whoi.edu/fileserver.do?id=21370&pt=10&p=17273

Frajka-Williams, E., Meinen, C. S., Johns, W. E., Smeed, D. A., Duchez, A. D., Lawrence, A. J., … Moat, B. I. (2016). Compensation between meridional flow components of the Atlantic MOC at 26N. Os, 12, 481–493. http://doi.org/10.5194/os-12-481-2016

Clement, L., Frajka-Williams, E., Sheen, K. L., Brearley, J. A., & Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2016). Generation of Internal Waves by Eddies Impinging on the Western Boundary of the North Atlantic. Jpo, 46(4), 1067–1079. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0241.1

Moat, B., Josey, S., Sinha, B., Blaker, A., Smeed, D., McCarthy, G., … Coward, A. (2016). Major Variations in Sub-Tropical North Atlantic Heat Transport at Short (5 day) Timescales and their Causes. Jgr, 121. http://doi.org/10.1002/2016JC011660

Hemsley, V. S., Smyth, T. J., Martin, A., Frajka-Williams, E., Damerell, G., Thompson, A. F., & Painter, S. C. (2015). Estimating oceanic primary production using vertical irradiance and chlorophyll profiles from ocean gliders in the North Atlantic. Environmental Science and Technology, 49(19), 11612–11621. http://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00608

Frajka-Williams, E. (2015). Estimating the Atlantic MOC at 26N using satellite altimetry and cable measurements. Grl, 42(9), 3458–3464. http://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL063220

McCarthy, G. D., Smeed, D. A., Johns, W. E., Frajka-Williams, E., Moat, B. I., Rayner, D., … Bryden, H. L. (2015). Measuring the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26N. Pio, 130, 91–111. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2014.10.006 % 1 self-citation

Baringer, M. O., McCarthy, G. D., Willis, J., Lankhorst, M., Smeed, D. A., Send, U., … Marotzke, J. (2014). Global Oceans: Meridional overturning circulation observations in the North Atlantic Ocean. In J. Blunden & D. S. Arndt (Eds.), State of the Climate in 2013 (Vol. 95, pp. S67–S69). bams. http://doi.org/10.1175/2014BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Frajka-Williams, E. (2014). Sustaining observations of an unsteady ocean circulation. Phil, 372(2025), 20130335. http://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2013.0335 % 0 self-citation

Frajka-Williams, E., Rhines, P. B., & Eriksen, C. C. (2014). Horizontal stratification during Deep convection in the Labrader Sea. Jpo, 44(1), 220–228. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-13-069.1

Carton, J., Cunningham, S. A., Frajka-Williams, E., Kwon, Y.-O., Marshall, D. P., & Msadek, R. (2014). The Atlantic overturning circulation: More evidence of variability and links to climate. Bams, 95, 163–166. http://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00234.1

Clément, L., Frajka-Williams, E., Szuts, Z. B., & Cunningham, S. A. (2014). Vertical structure of eddies and Rossby waves and their effect on the Atlantic MOC at 26.5N. Jgr, 119, 6479–6498. http://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010146 % 1 self-citation

Cunningham, S. A., Roberts, C., Frajka-Williams, E., Johns, W. E., Hobbs, W., Palmer, M. D., … McCarthy, G. D. (2014). Atlantic MOC slowdown cooled the subtropical ocean. Grl, 40, 6202–6207. http://doi.org/10.1002/2013GL058464 % 4 self-citations

Duchez, A., Cunningham, S. A., Hirschi, J. J.-M., Blaker, A., Bryden, H., Atkinson, C., … Smeed, D. (2014). A new index for the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Joc, 27(17), 6439–6455. http://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00052.1 % 0 self-citations

Duchez, A., Frajka-Williams, E., Castro, N., Hirschi, J. J.-M., & Coward, A. (2014). Seasonal to interannual variability in density around the Canary Islands and their influence on the AMOC at 26N. Jgr, 119, 1843–1860. http://doi.org/10.1002/2013JC009416 $ 1 self-citation

Elipot, S., Frajka-Williams, E., Hughes, C., & Willis, J. (2014). The observed North Atlantic MOC, its meridional coherence and ocean bottom pressure. Jpo, 44, 517–537. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-13-026.1

Smeed, D. A., McCarthy, G., Cunningham, S. A., Frajka-Williams, E., Rayner, D., Johns, W. E., … Bryden, H. L. (2014). Observed decline of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation 2004 to 2012. Os, 10, 29–38. http://doi.org/10.5194/os-10-29-2014 % ———2013———-

Frajka-Williams, E., Johns, W. E., Meinen, C. S., Beal, L. M., & Cunningham, S. A. (2013). Eddy impacts on the Florida Current. Grl, 40, 349–353. http://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50115

Baringer, M. O., Johns, W. E., McCarthy, G. D., Willis, J., Garzoli, S., Lankhorst, M., … Marotzke, J. (2013). Global Oceans: Meridional overturning circulation and heat transport observations in the Atlantic Ocean. In J. Blunden & D. S. Arndt (Eds.), State of the Climate in 2012 (Vol. 94, pp. S65–S68). bams. http://doi.org/10.1175/2013BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Roberts, C. D., Waters, J., Peterson, K. A., Palmer, M., McCarthy, G. D., Frajka-Williams, E., … Zuo, H. (2013). Atmosphere drives observed interannual variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5N. Grl, 40, 5164–5170. http://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50930

Mielke, C., Frajka-Williams, E., & Baehr, J. (2013). Observed and simulated variability of the AMOC at 26N and 41N. Grl, 40, 1159–1164. http://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50233 % ———2012———-

Baringer, M. O., Cunningham, S. A., Meinen, C. S., Garzoli, S., Willis, J., Lankhorst, M., … Marotzke, J. (2012). Global oceans: Meridional overturning circulation observations in the subtropical North Atlantic. In J. Blunden & D. S. Arndt (Eds.), State of the Climate in 2011 (Vol. 93, pp. S78–S81). bams. http://doi.org/10.1175/2012BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

McCarthy, G., Frajka-Williams, E., Johns, W. E., Baringer, M. O., Meinen, C. S., Bryden, H. L., … Cunningham, S. A. (2012). Observed Interannual Variability of the Atlantic MOC at 26.5N. Grl, 39, L19609. http://doi.org/10.1029/2012GL052933 % ———2011———-

Frajka-Williams, E., Eriksen, C. C., Rhines, P. B., & Harcourt, R. R. (2011). Determining Vertical Velocities from Seaglider. Jtech, 28(12), 1641–1656. http://doi.org/10.1175/2011JTECHO830.1

Frajka-Williams, E., Cunningham, S. A., Bryden, H. L., & King, B. A. (2011). Variability of Antarctic Bottom Water at 24.5N in the Atlantic. Jgr, 116, C11026. http://doi.org/10.1029/2011JC007168

Baringer, M. O., Cunningham, S. A., Meinen, C. S., Garzoli, S., Willis, J., Lankhorst, M., … Marotzke, J. (2011). Meridional Overturning Circulation Observations in the Subtropical North Atlantic. In J. Blunden & D. S. Arndt (Eds.), State of the Climate in 2010 (Vol. 92, pp. S95–S98). bams. http://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477-92.6.S1

Rayner, D., Hirschi, J. J.-M., Kanzow, T., Johns, W. E., Wright, P. G., Frajka-Williams, E., … Cunningham, S. A. (2011). Monitoring the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. dsr2, 58, 1744–1753. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.056 % ———2010———-

Frajka-Williams, E., & Rhines, P. B. (2010). Physical controls and interannual variability of the Labrador Sea spring phytoplankton bloom in distinct regions. Dsr, 57(4), 541–552. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2010.01.003 % ———2009———-

Frajka-Williams, E., Rhines, P., & Eriksen, C. (2009). Physical controls and mesoscale variability in the Labrador Sea spring phytoplankton bloom observed by Seaglider. Dsr, 56, 2144–2161. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2009.07.008 % ———2004———-

Barros, A. P., Kim, G., Williams, E., & Nesbitt, S. W. (2004). Probing Orographic Controls in the Himalayas During the Monsoon Using Satellite Imagery. Nhess, 4, 29–51. http://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-4-29-2004 % hydrology, thesis, scaling