References

% Abbreviations for common journals

Calafat, F. M., Wahl, T., Lindsten, F., Williams, J., & Frajka-Williams, E. (2018). Coherent modulation of the sea-level annual cycle in the United States by Atlantic Rossby waves. Natcomm, 9, 2571. http://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-04898-y

Dotto, T. S., Naveira Garabato, A. C., Bacon, S., Tsamados, M., Holland, P. R., Hooley, J., … Meredith, M. P. (2018). Variability of the Ross Gyre, Southern Ocean: drivers and responses revealed by satellite altimetry. Grl, 45, 6195–6204. http://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL078607

Garry, F. K., McDonagh, E. L., Blaker, A. T., Roberts, C. D., Desbruyeres, D. G., Frajka-Williams, E., & King, B. A. Model derived uncertainties in deep ocean temperature trends between 1990–2010. Jgr.

Hirschi, J. J.-M., Frajka-Williams, E., Blaker, A. T., Sinha, B., Hyder, P., Coward, A., & more. Loop Current variability as trigger of coherent Gulf Stream transport anomalies.

Evans, D. G., Hemsley, V., Frajka-Williams, E., Martin, A., Painter, S., & Garabato, A. C. N. Full annual cycle of turbulence estimated from Seagliders. Grl.

Frajka-Williams, E., Landerer, F., & Lee, T. Fast response of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to mid-latitude winds. Grl.

Frajka-Williams, E., Lankhorst, M., Koelling, J., & Send, U. (2018). Coherent circulation changes in the Deep North Atlantic from 16N and 26N transport arrays. Jgr, 123, 3427–3443. http://doi.org/10.1029/2018JC013949

Schulze, L., & Frajka-Williams, E. (2018). Wind-driven transport of fresh shelf waters into the Labrador Sea. Osd. http://doi.org/10.5194/os-2018-18

Smeed, D. A., Josey, S., Johns, W., Moat, B., Frajka-Williams, E., Rayner, D., … McCarthy, G. (2018). The North Atlantic Ocean is in a state of reduced overturning. Grl, 45, 1527–1533. http://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL076350

Sinha, B., Smeed, D. A., McCarthy, G., Moat, B. I., Josey, S. A., Hirschi, J. J.-M., … Madec, G. (2018). The Accuracy of Estimates of the Overturning Circulation from Basin Wide Mooring Arrays. Pio, 160, 101–123. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2017.12.001

Frajka-Williams, E., Beaulieu, C., & Duchez, A. (2017). Emerging negative Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation index in spite of warm subtropics. Scientific Reports, 7, 11224. http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-11046-x

Elipot, S., Frajka-Williams, E., Hughes, C., Olhede, S., & Lankhorst, M. (2017). Observed basin-scale response of the North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to wind stress forcing. Joc. http://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0664.1

Frajka-Williams, E., Bamber, J., & Vage, K. (2016). Greenland Melt and the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Tos. http://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.96

Duchez, A., Frajka-Williams, E., Josey, S. A., Evans, D. G., Grist, J. P., Marsh, R., … Hirschi, J. J.-M. (2016). Drivers of exceptionally cold North Atlantic Ocean temperatures and their link to the 2015 European heat wave. Erl, 11, 074004. http://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/11/7/074004

Frajka-Williams, E., Meinen, C. S., Johns, W. E., Smeed, D. A., Duchez, A. D., Lawrence, A. J., … Moat, B. I. (2016). Compensation between meridional flow components of the Atlantic MOC at 26N. Os, 12, 481–493. http://doi.org/10.5194/os-12-481-2016

Clement, L., Frajka-Williams, E., Sheen, K. L., Brearley, J. A., & Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2016). Generation of Internal Waves by Eddies Impinging on the Western Boundary of the North Atlantic. Jpo, 46(4), 1067–1079. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0241.1

Moat, B., Josey, S., Sinha, B., Blaker, A., Smeed, D., McCarthy, G., … Coward, A. (2016). Major Variations in Sub-Tropical North Atlantic Heat Transport at Short (5 day) Timescales and their Causes. Jgr, 121. http://doi.org/10.1002/2016JC011660

Hemsley, V. S., Smyth, T. J., Martin, A., Frajka-Williams, E., Damerell, G., Thompson, A. F., & Painter, S. C. (2015). Estimating oceanic primary production using vertical irradiance and chlorophyll profiles from ocean gliders in the North Atlantic. Environmental Science and Technology, 49(19), 11612–11621. http://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00608

Frajka-Williams, E. (2015). Estimating the Atlantic MOC at 26N using satellite altimetry and cable measurements. Grl, 42(9), 3458–3464. http://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL063220

McCarthy, G. D., Smeed, D. A., Johns, W. E., Frajka-Williams, E., Moat, B. I., Rayner, D., … Bryden, H. L. (2015). Measuring the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26N. Pio, 130, 91–111. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2014.10.006 % 1 self-citation

Baringer, M. O., McCarthy, G. D., Willis, J., Lankhorst, M., Smeed, D. A., Send, U., … Marotzke, J. (2014). Global Oceans: Meridional overturning circulation observations in the North Atlantic Ocean. In J. Blunden & D. S. Arndt (Eds.), State of the Climate in 2013 (Vol. 95, pp. S67–S69). bams. http://doi.org/10.1175/2014BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Frajka-Williams, E. (2014). Sustaining observations of an unsteady ocean circulation. Phil, 372(2025), 20130335. http://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2013.0335 % 0 self-citation

Frajka-Williams, E., Rhines, P. B., & Eriksen, C. C. (2014). Horizontal stratification during Deep convection in the Labrader Sea. Jpo, 44(1), 220–228. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-13-069.1

Carton, J., Cunningham, S. A., Frajka-Williams, E., Kwon, Y.-O., Marshall, D. P., & Msadek, R. (2014). The Atlantic overturning circulation: More evidence of variability and links to climate. Bams, 95, 163–166. http://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00234.1

Clément, L., Frajka-Williams, E., Szuts, Z. B., & Cunningham, S. A. (2014). Vertical structure of eddies and Rossby waves and their effect on the Atlantic MOC at 26.5N. Jgr, 119, 6479–6498. http://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010146 % 1 self-citation

Cunningham, S. A., Roberts, C., Frajka-Williams, E., Johns, W. E., Hobbs, W., Palmer, M. D., … McCarthy, G. D. (2014). Atlantic MOC slowdown cooled the subtropical ocean. Grl, 40, 6202–6207. http://doi.org/10.1002/2013GL058464 % 4 self-citations

Duchez, A., Cunningham, S. A., Hirschi, J. J.-M., Blaker, A., Bryden, H., Atkinson, C., … Smeed, D. (2014). A new index for the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Joc, 27(17), 6439–6455. http://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00052.1 % 0 self-citations

Duchez, A., Frajka-Williams, E., Castro, N., Hirschi, J. J.-M., & Coward, A. (2014). Seasonal to interannual variability in density around the Canary Islands and their influence on the AMOC at 26N. Jgr, 119, 1843–1860. http://doi.org/10.1002/2013JC009416 $ 1 self-citation

Elipot, S., Frajka-Williams, E., Hughes, C., & Willis, J. (2014). The observed North Atlantic MOC, its meridional coherence and ocean bottom pressure. Jpo, 44, 517–537. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-13-026.1

Smeed, D. A., McCarthy, G., Cunningham, S. A., Frajka-Williams, E., Rayner, D., Johns, W. E., … Bryden, H. L. (2014). Observed decline of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation 2004 to 2012. Os, 10, 29–38. http://doi.org/10.5194/os-10-29-2014 % ———2013———-

Frajka-Williams, E., Johns, W. E., Meinen, C. S., Beal, L. M., & Cunningham, S. A. (2013). Eddy impacts on the Florida Current. Grl, 40, 349–353. http://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50115

Baringer, M. O., Johns, W. E., McCarthy, G. D., Willis, J., Garzoli, S., Lankhorst, M., … Marotzke, J. (2013). Global Oceans: Meridional overturning circulation and heat transport observations in the Atlantic Ocean. In J. Blunden & D. S. Arndt (Eds.), State of the Climate in 2012 (Vol. 94, pp. S65–S68). bams. http://doi.org/10.1175/2013BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Roberts, C. D., Waters, J., Peterson, K. A., Palmer, M., McCarthy, G. D., Frajka-Williams, E., … Zuo, H. (2013). Atmosphere drives observed interannual variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5N. Grl, 40, 5164–5170. http://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50930

Mielke, C., Frajka-Williams, E., & Baehr, J. (2013). Observed and simulated variability of the AMOC at 26N and 41N. Grl, 40, 1159–1164. http://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50233 % ———2012———-

Baringer, M. O., Cunningham, S. A., Meinen, C. S., Garzoli, S., Willis, J., Lankhorst, M., … Marotzke, J. (2012). Global oceans: Meridional overturning circulation observations in the subtropical North Atlantic. In J. Blunden & D. S. Arndt (Eds.), State of the Climate in 2011 (Vol. 93, pp. S78–S81). bams. http://doi.org/10.1175/2012BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

McCarthy, G., Frajka-Williams, E., Johns, W. E., Baringer, M. O., Meinen, C. S., Bryden, H. L., … Cunningham, S. A. (2012). Observed Interannual Variability of the Atlantic MOC at 26.5N. Grl, 39, L19609. http://doi.org/10.1029/2012GL052933 % ———2011———-

Frajka-Williams, E., Eriksen, C. C., Rhines, P. B., & Harcourt, R. R. (2011). Determining Vertical Velocities from Seaglider. Jtech, 28(12), 1641–1656. http://doi.org/10.1175/2011JTECHO830.1

Frajka-Williams, E., Cunningham, S. A., Bryden, H. L., & King, B. A. (2011). Variability of Antarctic Bottom Water at 24.5N in the Atlantic. Jgr, 116, C11026. http://doi.org/10.1029/2011JC007168

Baringer, M. O., Cunningham, S. A., Meinen, C. S., Garzoli, S., Willis, J., Lankhorst, M., … Marotzke, J. (2011). Meridional Overturning Circulation Observations in the Subtropical North Atlantic. In J. Blunden & D. S. Arndt (Eds.), State of the Climate in 2010 (Vol. 92, pp. S95–S98). bams. http://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477-92.6.S1

Rayner, D., Hirschi, J. J.-M., Kanzow, T., Johns, W. E., Wright, P. G., Frajka-Williams, E., … Cunningham, S. A. (2011). Monitoring the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. dsr2, 58, 1744–1753. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.056 % ———2010———-

Frajka-Williams, E., & Rhines, P. B. (2010). Physical controls and interannual variability of the Labrador Sea spring phytoplankton bloom in distinct regions. Dsr, 57(4), 541–552. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2010.01.003 % ———2009———-

Frajka-Williams, E., Rhines, P., & Eriksen, C. (2009). Physical controls and mesoscale variability in the Labrador Sea spring phytoplankton bloom observed by Seaglider. Dsr, 56, 2144–2161. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2009.07.008 % ———2004———-

Barros, A. P., Kim, G., Williams, E., & Nesbitt, S. W. (2004). Probing Orographic Controls in the Himalayas During the Monsoon Using Satellite Imagery. Nhess, 4, 29–51. http://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-4-29-2004 % hydrology, thesis, scaling