References

% Abbreviations for common journals

Calafat, F. M., Wahl, T., Lindsten, F., Williams, J., & Frajka-Williams, E. (2018). Mechanisms of coherent fluctuations in the sea-level annual cycle along the United States Gulf and Southeast coasts. Ncomm.

Garry, F. K., McDonagh, E. L., Blaker, A. T., Roberts, C. D., Desbruyeres, D. G., Frajka-Williams, E., & King, B. A. (in prep). Model derived uncertainties in deep ocean temperature trends between 1990–2010. Jgr.

Hirschi, J. J.-M., Frajka-Williams, E., Blaker, A. T., Sinha, B., Hyder, P., Coward, A., & more. (in prep). Loop Current variability as trigger of coherent Gulf Stream transport anomalies.

Evans, D. G., Hemsley, V., Frajka-Williams, E., Martin, A., Painter, S., & Garabato, A. C. N. (submitted). Full annual cycle of turbulence estimated from Seagliders. Grl.

Dotto, T. S., Garabato, A. N., Bacon, S., Tsamados, M., Holland, P., Hooley, J., … Meredith, M. (submitted). Variability of the Ross Gyre, Southern Ocean: drivers and responses revealed by satellite altimetry. Grl.

Frajka-Williams, E., Landerer, F., & Lee, T. (submitted). Fast response of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to mid-latitude winds. Grl.

Frajka-Williams, E., Lankhorst, M., Koelling, J., & Send, U. (2018). Coherent circulation changes in the deep North Atlantic from 16N and 26N transport arrays. Jgr. http://doi.org/10.1002/2018JC013949

Schulze, L., & Frajka-Williams, E. (2018). Wind-driven transport of fresh shelf waters into the Labrador Sea. Osd. http://doi.org/10.5194/os-2018-18

Smeed, D. A., Josey, S., Johns, W., Moat, B., Frajka-Williams, E., Rayner, D., … McCarthy, G. (2018). The North Atlantic Ocean is in a state of reduced overturning. Grl, 45, 1527–1533. http://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL076350

Sinha, B., Smeed, D. A., McCarthy, G., Moat, B. I., Josey, S. A., Hirschi, J. J.-M., … Madec, G. (2018). The Accuracy of Estimates of the Overturning Circulation from Basin Wide Mooring Arrays. Pio, 160, 101–123. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2017.12.001

Frajka-Williams, E., Beaulieu, C., & Duchez, A. (2017). Emerging negative Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation index in spite of warm subtropics. Scientific Reports, 7, 11224. http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-11046-x

Frajka-Williams, E. (2016). Prediction from the University of Southampton: NEAR-REAL TIME ESTIMATES OF THE AMOC USING ALTIMETRY. Retrieved from http://rapidchallenge2015.blogspot.co.uk/2016/01/prediction-from-university-of.html

Elipot, S., Frajka-Williams, E., Hughes, C., Olhede, S., & Lankhorst, M. (2017). Observed basin-scale response of the North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to wind stress forcing. Joc. http://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0664.1 % doi = {10.6084/m9.figshare.1463480},

Frajka-Williams, E. (2015). Sea surface height-based proxy for the MOC, 1993-2014 (Version 1.0). Figshare. http://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1463480

Frajka-Williams, E. (2015). Estimating the Atlantic overturning at 26N using satellite altimetry [IUGG]. Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/eleanorfrajka/2015-06talkmtgiuggefwmocfromspacewide ,

Frajka-Williams, E. (2015). Using satellite observations to broaden our spatial view of AMOC variability [RAPID mtg]. Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/eleanorfrajka/2015-07talkmtgrapidefwmocfromspacefinal

Frajka-Williams, E., Evans, D. G., Florindo-Lopez, C., & Brown, N. J. (2015). Thermohaline experiment (time-lapse, black dye, 10rpm). YouTube. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2vA8lGGl7K8

Frajka-Williams, E., Schulze, L., & MacGilchrist, G. (2013). Weather in a Tank: Gyres (removing fans). YouTube. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PlkQuvc-8Mc

Frajka-Williams, E., Bamber, J., & Vage, K. (in prep). Influence of Greenland and Arctic freshwater on the AMOC. Tos.

Schulze, L., & Frajka-Williams, E. (in prep). Wind driven transport of fresh shelf waters into the Labrador Sea. Jgr.

Duchez, A., Frajka-Williams, E., Josey, S. A., Evans, D. G., Grist, J. P., Marsh, R., … Hirschi, J. J.-M. (2016). Drivers of exceptionally cold North Atlantic Ocean temperatures and their link to the 2015 European heat wave. Erl, 11, 074004. http://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/11/7/074004

Duchez, A., Desbruyéres, D., Hirschi, J. J.-M., Frajka-Williams, E., Josey, S., & Evans, D. G. (2016). The tale of a surprisingly cold blob in the North Atlantic. US CLIVAR Variations, 14, 19–23. Retrieved from https://indd.adobe.com/view/ffe33cde-3628-42e8-adc2-eaf85d8312e4

Frajka-Williams, E. (2014). Women in Oceanography: A decade later. The Oceanography Society Magazine, 27(4), 65. Retrieved from http://www.tos.org/oceanography/issue/volume-27-issue-04-supplement

Johns, W. E., & Frajka-Williams, E. (2011). RV Knorr Cruise KN200-4, 13 Apr–3 May 2011. RAPID Mooring Cruise. (No. NOC cruise report-07) (pp. 96 p). National Oceanography Centre, Southampton. Retrieved from http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/308915/

Frajka-Williams, E. (2011). RAPID: Observations of the meridional overturning circulation at 26N. UK Challenger Society: Ocean Challenge, 18, 14–18.

Martini, K., Frajka-Williams, E., & Mouw, C. (2009). Conference Report The Pattullo Conference: Building community through mentoring. The Oceanography Society Magazine, 22, 226–227.

Frajka-Williams, E. (2009). The spring phytoplankton bloom and vertical velocities in stratified and deep convecting Labrador Sea, as observed by Seagliders (PhD thesis). College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Retrieved from http://pqdtopen.proquest.com/doc/305014666.html?FMT=ABS % high latitudes, observations, model

Frajka-Williams, E., Kunze, E., & MacKinnon, J. A. (2005). Bispectra of Internal Tides and Parametric Subharmonic Instability. ArXiv, 1–23. Retrieved from http://arxiv.org/abs/1410.0926

Frajka-Williams, E. (2004). Convection in a Fluid Loop. In Proceedings of the WHOI Geophysical Fluid Dynamics program. Retrieved from https://www.whoi.edu/fileserver.do?id=21370&pt=10&p=17273

Frajka-Williams, E., Meinen, C. S., Johns, W. E., Smeed, D. A., Duchez, A. D., Lawrence, A. J., … Moat, B. I. (2016). Compensation between meridional flow components of the Atlantic MOC at 26N. Os, 12, 481–493. http://doi.org/10.5194/os-12-481-2016

Clement, L., Frajka-Williams, E., Sheen, K. L., Brearley, J. A., & Naveira Garabato, A. C. (2016). Generation of Internal Waves by Eddies Impinging on the Western Boundary of the North Atlantic. Jpo, 46(4), 1067–1079. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-14-0241.1

Moat, B., Josey, S., Sinha, B., Blaker, A., Smeed, D., McCarthy, G., … Coward, A. (2016). Major Variations in Sub-Tropical North Atlantic Heat Transport at Short (5 day) Timescales and their Causes. Jgr, 121. http://doi.org/10.1002/2016JC011660

Hemsley, V. S., Smyth, T. J., Martin, A., Frajka-Williams, E., Damerell, G., Thompson, A. F., & Painter, S. C. (2015). Estimating oceanic primary production using vertical irradiance and chlorophyll profiles from ocean gliders in the North Atlantic. Environmental Science and Technology, 49(19), 11612–11621. http://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00608

Frajka-Williams, E. (2015). Estimating the Atlantic MOC at 26N using satellite altimetry and cable measurements. Grl, 42(9), 3458–3464. http://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL063220

McCarthy, G. D., Smeed, D. A., Johns, W. E., Frajka-Williams, E., Moat, B. I., Rayner, D., … Bryden, H. L. (2015). Measuring the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26N. Pio, 130, 91–111. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2014.10.006 % 1 self-citation

Baringer, M. O., McCarthy, G. D., Willis, J., Lankhorst, M., Smeed, D. A., Send, U., … Marotzke, J. (2014). Global Oceans: Meridional overturning circulation observations in the North Atlantic Ocean. In J. Blunden & D. S. Arndt (Eds.), State of the Climate in 2013 (Vol. 95, pp. S67–S69). bams. http://doi.org/10.1175/2014BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Frajka-Williams, E. (2014). Sustaining observations of an unsteady ocean circulation. Phil, 372(2025), 20130335. http://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2013.0335 % 0 self-citation

Frajka-Williams, E., Rhines, P. B., & Eriksen, C. C. (2014). Horizontal stratification during Deep convection in the Labrader Sea. Jpo, 44(1), 220–228. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-13-069.1

Carton, J., Cunningham, S. A., Frajka-Williams, E., Kwon, Y.-O., Marshall, D. P., & Msadek, R. (2014). The Atlantic overturning circulation: More evidence of variability and links to climate. Bams, 95, 163–166. http://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00234.1

Clément, L., Frajka-Williams, E., Szuts, Z. B., & Cunningham, S. A. (2014). Vertical structure of eddies and Rossby waves and their effect on the Atlantic MOC at 26.5N. Jgr, 119, 6479–6498. http://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010146 % 1 self-citation

Cunningham, S. A., Roberts, C., Frajka-Williams, E., Johns, W. E., Hobbs, W., Palmer, M. D., … McCarthy, G. D. (2014). Atlantic MOC slowdown cooled the subtropical ocean. Grl, 40, 6202–6207. http://doi.org/10.1002/2013GL058464 % 4 self-citations

Duchez, A., Cunningham, S. A., Hirschi, J. J.-M., Blaker, A., Bryden, H., Atkinson, C., … Smeed, D. (2014). A new index for the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Joc, 27(17), 6439–6455. http://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00052.1 % 0 self-citations

Duchez, A., Frajka-Williams, E., Castro, N., Hirschi, J. J.-M., & Coward, A. (2014). Seasonal to interannual variability in density around the Canary Islands and their influence on the AMOC at 26N. Jgr, 119, 1843–1860. http://doi.org/10.1002/2013JC009416 $ 1 self-citation

Elipot, S., Frajka-Williams, E., Hughes, C., & Willis, J. (2014). The observed North Atlantic MOC, its meridional coherence and ocean bottom pressure. Jpo, 44, 517–537. http://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-13-026.1

Smeed, D. A., McCarthy, G., Cunningham, S. A., Frajka-Williams, E., Rayner, D., Johns, W. E., … Bryden, H. L. (2014). Observed decline of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation 2004 to 2012. Os, 10, 29–38. http://doi.org/10.5194/os-10-29-2014 % ———2013———-

Frajka-Williams, E., Johns, W. E., Meinen, C. S., Beal, L. M., & Cunningham, S. A. (2013). Eddy impacts on the Florida Current. Grl, 40, 349–353. http://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50115

Baringer, M. O., Johns, W. E., McCarthy, G. D., Willis, J., Garzoli, S., Lankhorst, M., … Marotzke, J. (2013). Global Oceans: Meridional overturning circulation and heat transport observations in the Atlantic Ocean. In J. Blunden & D. S. Arndt (Eds.), State of the Climate in 2012 (Vol. 94, pp. S65–S68). bams. http://doi.org/10.1175/2013BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Roberts, C. D., Waters, J., Peterson, K. A., Palmer, M., McCarthy, G. D., Frajka-Williams, E., … Zuo, H. (2013). Atmosphere drives observed interannual variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5N. Grl, 40, 5164–5170. http://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50930

Mielke, C., Frajka-Williams, E., & Baehr, J. (2013). Observed and simulated variability of the AMOC at 26N and 41N. Grl, 40, 1159–1164. http://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50233 % ———2012———-

Baringer, M. O., Cunningham, S. A., Meinen, C. S., Garzoli, S., Willis, J., Lankhorst, M., … Marotzke, J. (2012). Global oceans: Meridional overturning circulation observations in the subtropical North Atlantic. In J. Blunden & D. S. Arndt (Eds.), State of the Climate in 2011 (Vol. 93, pp. S78–S81). bams. http://doi.org/10.1175/2012BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

McCarthy, G., Frajka-Williams, E., Johns, W. E., Baringer, M. O., Meinen, C. S., Bryden, H. L., … Cunningham, S. A. (2012). Observed Interannual Variability of the Atlantic MOC at 26.5N. Grl, 39, L19609. http://doi.org/10.1029/2012GL052933 % ———2011———-

Frajka-Williams, E., Eriksen, C. C., Rhines, P. B., & Harcourt, R. R. (2011). Determining Vertical Velocities from Seaglider. Jtech, 28(12), 1641–1656. http://doi.org/10.1175/2011JTECHO830.1

Frajka-Williams, E., Cunningham, S. A., Bryden, H. L., & King, B. A. (2011). Variability of Antarctic Bottom Water at 24.5N in the Atlantic. Jgr, 116, C11026. http://doi.org/10.1029/2011JC007168

Baringer, M. O., Cunningham, S. A., Meinen, C. S., Garzoli, S., Willis, J., Lankhorst, M., … Marotzke, J. (2011). Meridional Overturning Circulation Observations in the Subtropical North Atlantic. In J. Blunden & D. S. Arndt (Eds.), State of the Climate in 2010 (Vol. 92, pp. S95–S98). bams. http://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477-92.6.S1

Rayner, D., Hirschi, J. J.-M., Kanzow, T., Johns, W. E., Wright, P. G., Frajka-Williams, E., … Cunningham, S. A. (2011). Monitoring the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. dsr2, 58, 1744–1753. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.056 % ———2010———-

Frajka-Williams, E., & Rhines, P. B. (2010). Physical controls and interannual variability of the Labrador Sea spring phytoplankton bloom in distinct regions. Dsr, 57(4), 541–552. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2010.01.003 % ———2009———-

Frajka-Williams, E., Rhines, P., & Eriksen, C. (2009). Physical controls and mesoscale variability in the Labrador Sea spring phytoplankton bloom observed by Seaglider. Dsr, 56, 2144–2161. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2009.07.008 % ———2004———-

Barros, A. P., Kim, G., Williams, E., & Nesbitt, S. W. (2004). Probing Orographic Controls in the Himalayas During the Monsoon Using Satellite Imagery. Nhess, 4, 29–51. http://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-4-29-2004 % hydrology, thesis, scaling