Eleanor Frajka-Williams

Peer-reviewed publications

Submitted and in prep

  1. Calafat, F. M., T. Wahl, F. Lindsten, J. Williams, and E. Frajka-Williams (submitted), Unprecedented coherent fluctuations in the sea-level annual cycle along the United States Gulf and southeast coasts, Nat. Comm. details
  2. Duchez, A., J. J.-M. Hirschi, W. Dorigo, N. Freychet, E. Frajka-Williams, and J. Mecking (submitted), Winter preconditioning of hot European summers, Nat. Geosci. details
  3. Dotto, T. S., A. N. Garabato, S. Bacon, M. Tsamados, P. Holland, J. Hooley, E. Frajka-Williams, A. Ridout, and M. Meredith (submitted), Variability of the Ross Gyre, Southern Ocean: drivers and responses revealed by satellite altimetry, Geophys. Res. Lett. details
  4. Worthington, E., E. Frajka-Williams, and G. McCarthy (in prep), Using GRACE and in situ bottom pressure recorders to evaluate external transports at 26^\circN, J. Geophys. Res. details
  5. Garry, F. K., C. D. Roberts, A. T. Blaker, E. L. McDonagh, E. Frajka-Williams, and B. A. King (in prep), Spatial variation of ocean heat content change in CMIP5 models and implications for deep ocean observing, Clim. Dyn. details
  6. Garry, F. K., E. L. McDonagh, A. T. Blaker, C. D. Roberts, D. G. Desbruyeres, E. Frajka-Williams, and B. A. King (in prep), Model derived uncertainties in deep ocean temperature trends between 1990–2010, J. Geophys. Res. details
  7. Hirschi, J. J.-M., E. Frajka-Williams, A. T. Blaker, B. Sinha, P. Hyder, A. Coward, and more (in prep), Loop Current variability as trigger of coherent Gulf Stream transport anomalies, details
  8. Frajka-Williams, E., F. Landerer, and T. Lee (in prep), Fast response of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to mid-latitude winds, Geophys. Res. Lett. details
  9. Evans, D. G., V. Hemsley, E. Frajka-Williams, A. Martin, S. Painter, and A. C. N. Garabato (n.d.), Full annual cycle of turbulence estimated from Seagliders, in prep. details

2018

  1. Frajka-Williams, E., M. Lankhorst, J. Koelling, and U. Send (2018), Coherent circulation changes in the deep North Atlantic from 16N and 26N transport arrays, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1002/2018JC013949. details
  2. Schulze, L., and E. Frajka-Williams (2018), Wind-driven transport of fresh shelf waters into the Labrador Sea, Oc. Sci. Disc., doi:10.5194/os-2018-18. details
  3. Smeed, D. A., S. Josey, W. Johns, B. Moat, E. Frajka-Williams, D. Rayner, C. Meinen, M. Baringer, H. Bryden, and G. McCarthy (2018), The North Atlantic Ocean is in a state of reduced overturning, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 1527–1533, doi:10.1002/2017GL076350. details
  4. Sinha, B., D. A. Smeed, G. McCarthy, B. I. Moat, S. A. Josey, J. J.-M. Hirschi, E. Frajka-Williams, A. T. Blaker, and G. Madec (2018), The Accuracy of Estimates of the Overturning Circulation from Basin Wide Mooring Arrays, Prog. Oceangr., 160, 101–123, doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2017.12.001. details

2017

  1. Frajka-Williams, E., C. Beaulieu, and A. Duchez (2017), Emerging negative Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation index in spite of warm subtropics, Scientific Reports, 7, 11224, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-11046-x. details
  2. Elipot, S., E. Frajka-Williams, C. Hughes, S. Olhede, and M. Lankhorst (2017), Observed basin-scale response of the North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to wind stress forcing, J. Clim, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0664.1. details

2016

  1. Frajka-Williams, E. (2016), Prediction from the University of Southampton: NEAR-REAL TIME ESTIMATES OF THE AMOC USING ALTIMETRY, details
  2. Duchez, A., E. Frajka-Williams, S. A. Josey, D. G. Evans, J. P. Grist, R. Marsh, G. D. McCarthy, B. Sinha, D. I. Berry, and J. J.-M. Hirschi (2016), Drivers of exceptionally cold North Atlantic Ocean temperatures and their link to the 2015 European heat wave, Env. Res. Lett., 11, 074004, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/7/074004. details
  3. Duchez, A., D. Desbruyéres, J. J.-M. Hirschi, E. Frajka-Williams, S. Josey, and D. G. Evans (2016), The tale of a surprisingly cold blob in the North Atlantic, US CLIVAR Variations, 14, 19–23. details
  4. Frajka-Williams, E. et al. (2016), Compensation between meridional flow components of the Atlantic MOC at 26N, Oc. Sci., 12, 481–493, doi:10.5194/os-12-481-2016. details
  5. Clement, L., E. Frajka-Williams, K. L. Sheen, J. A. Brearley, and A. C. Naveira Garabato (2016), Generation of Internal Waves by Eddies Impinging on the Western Boundary of the North Atlantic, J. Phys. Ocean., 46(4), 1067–1079, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-14-0241.1. details
  6. Moat, B. et al. (2016), Major Variations in Sub-Tropical North Atlantic Heat Transport at Short (5 day) Timescales and their Causes, J. Geophys. Res., 121, doi:10.1002/2016JC011660. details

2015

  1. Frajka-Williams, E. (2015), Sea surface height-based proxy for the MOC, 1993-2014, figshare, doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.1463480. details
  2. Frajka-Williams, E. (2015), Estimating the Atlantic overturning at 26N using satellite altimetry [IUGG], details
  3. Frajka-Williams, E. (2015), Using satellite observations to broaden our spatial view of AMOC variability [RAPID mtg], details
  4. Frajka-Williams, E., D. G. Evans, C. Florindo-Lopez, and N. J. Brown (2015), Thermohaline experiment (time-lapse, black dye, 10rpm), YouTube. details
  5. Hemsley, V. S., T. J. Smyth, A. Martin, E. Frajka-Williams, G. Damerell, A. F. Thompson, and S. C. Painter (2015), Estimating oceanic primary production using vertical irradiance and chlorophyll profiles from ocean gliders in the North Atlantic, Environmental Science and Technology, 49(19), 11612–11621, doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b00608. details
  6. Frajka-Williams, E. (2015), Estimating the Atlantic MOC at 26N using satellite altimetry and cable measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42(9), 3458–3464, doi:10.1002/2015GL063220. details
  7. McCarthy, G. D., D. A. Smeed, W. E. Johns, E. Frajka-Williams, B. I. Moat, D. Rayner, M. O. Baringer, C. S. Meinen, and H. L. Bryden (2015), Measuring the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26N, Prog. Oceangr., 130, 91–111, doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2014.10.006. details

2014

  1. Smeed, D. A. et al. (2014), Observed decline of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation 2004 to 2012, Oc. Sci., 10, 29–38, doi:10.5194/os-10-29-2014. details
  2. Baringer, M. O. et al. (2014), Global Oceans: Meridional overturning circulation observations in the North Atlantic Ocean, in State of the Climate in 2013, vol. 95, edited by J. Blunden and D. S. Arndt, pp. S67–S69, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. details
  3. Frajka-Williams, E. (2014), Sustaining observations of an unsteady ocean circulation, Phil. Trans. Royal Soc., 372(2025), 20130335, doi:10.1098/rsta.2013.0335. details
  4. Frajka-Williams, E., P. B. Rhines, and C. C. Eriksen (2014), Horizontal stratification during Deep convection in the Labrader Sea, J. Phys. Ocean., 44(1), 220–228, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-13-069.1. details
  5. Carton, J., S. A. Cunningham, E. Frajka-Williams, Y.-O. Kwon, D. P. Marshall, and R. Msadek (2014), The Atlantic overturning circulation: More evidence of variability and links to climate, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 95, 163–166, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00234.1. details
  6. Clément, L., E. Frajka-Williams, Z. B. Szuts, and S. A. Cunningham (2014), Vertical structure of eddies and Rossby waves and their effect on the Atlantic MOC at 26.5N, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 6479–6498, doi:10.1002/2014JC010146. details
  7. Cunningham, S. A., C. Roberts, E. Frajka-Williams, W. E. Johns, W. Hobbs, M. D. Palmer, D. Rayner, D. A. Smeed, and G. D. McCarthy (2014), Atlantic MOC slowdown cooled the subtropical ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 6202–6207, doi:10.1002/2013GL058464. details
  8. Duchez, A., S. A. Cunningham, J. J.-M. Hirschi, A. Blaker, H. Bryden, C. Atkinson, G. McCarthy, E. Frajka-Williams, D. Rayner, and D. Smeed (2014), A new index for the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation, J. Clim, 27(17), 6439–6455, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00052.1. details
  9. Duchez, A., E. Frajka-Williams, N. Castro, J. J.-M. Hirschi, and A. Coward (2014), Seasonal to interannual variability in density around the Canary Islands and their influence on the AMOC at 26N, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 1843–1860, doi:10.1002/2013JC009416. details
  10. Elipot, S., E. Frajka-Williams, C. Hughes, and J. Willis (2014), The observed North Atlantic MOC, its meridional coherence and ocean bottom pressure, J. Phys. Ocean., 44, 517–537, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-13-026.1. details
  11. Frajka-Williams, E. (2014), Women in Oceanography: A decade later, The Oceanography Society magazine, 27(4), 65. details

2013

  1. Frajka-Williams, E., L. Schulze, and G. MacGilchrist (2013), Weather in a Tank: Gyres (removing fans), YouTube. details
  2. Frajka-Williams, E., W. E. Johns, C. S. Meinen, L. M. Beal, and S. A. Cunningham (2013), Eddy impacts on the Florida Current, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 349–353, doi:10.1002/grl.50115. details
  3. Baringer, M. O. et al. (2013), Global Oceans: Meridional overturning circulation and heat transport observations in the Atlantic Ocean, in State of the Climate in 2012, vol. 94, edited by J. Blunden and D. S. Arndt, pp. S65–S68, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. details
  4. Roberts, C. D. et al. (2013), Atmosphere drives observed interannual variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5N, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 5164–5170, doi:10.1002/grl.50930. details
  5. Mielke, C., E. Frajka-Williams, and J. Baehr (2013), Observed and simulated variability of the AMOC at 26N and 41N, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 1159–1164, doi:10.1002/grl.50233. details

2012

  1. Baringer, M. O. et al. (2012), Global oceans: Meridional overturning circulation observations in the subtropical North Atlantic., in State of the Climate in 2011, vol. 93, edited by J. Blunden and D. S. Arndt, pp. S78–S81, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. details
  2. McCarthy, G., E. Frajka-Williams, W. E. Johns, M. O. Baringer, C. S. Meinen, H. L. Bryden, D. Rayner, A. Duchez, C. D. Roberts, and S. A. Cunningham (2012), Observed Interannual Variability of the Atlantic MOC at 26.5N, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L19609, doi:10.1029/2012GL052933. details

2011

  1. Johns, W. E., and E. Frajka-Williams (2011), RV Knorr Cruise KN200-4, 13 Apr–3 May 2011. RAPID Mooring Cruise., National Oceanography Centre, Southampton. details
  2. Frajka-Williams, E. (2011), RAPID: Observations of the meridional overturning circulation at 26N, UK Challenger Society: Ocean Challenge, 18, 14–18. details
  3. Frajka-Williams, E., C. C. Eriksen, P. B. Rhines, and R. R. Harcourt (2011), Determining Vertical Velocities from Seaglider, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 28(12), 1641–1656, doi:10.1175/2011JTECHO830.1. details
  4. Frajka-Williams, E., S. A. Cunningham, H. L. Bryden, and B. A. King (2011), Variability of Antarctic Bottom Water at 24.5N in the Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C11026, doi:10.1029/2011JC007168. details
  5. Baringer, M. O. et al. (2011), Meridional Overturning Circulation Observations in the Subtropical North Atlantic, in State of the Climate in 2010, vol. 92, edited by J. Blunden and D. S. Arndt, pp. S95–S98, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. details
  6. Rayner, D. et al. (2011), Monitoring the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation, Deep Sea Res. II, 58, 1744–1753, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.056. details

2010

  1. Frajka-Williams, E., and P. B. Rhines (2010), Physical controls and interannual variability of the Labrador Sea spring phytoplankton bloom in distinct regions, Deep Sea Res. I, 57(4), 541–552, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2010.01.003. details

<=2009

  1. Frajka-Williams, E., F. Landerer, and T. Lee (submitted), Fast response of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to mid-latitude winds, Geophys. Res. Lett. details
  2. Evans, D. G., V. Hemsley, E. Frajka-Williams, A. Martin, S. Painter, and A. C. N. Garabato (submitted), Full annual cycle of turbulence estimated from Seagliders, Geophys. Res. Lett. details
  3. Dotto, T. S., A. N. Garabato, S. Bacon, M. Tsamados, P. Holland, J. Hooley, E. Frajka-Williams, A. Ridout, and M. Meredith (submitted), Variability of the Ross Gyre, Southern Ocean: drivers and responses revealed by satellite altimetry, Geophys. Res. Lett. details
  4. Schulze, L., and E. Frajka-Williams (in prep), Wind driven transport of fresh shelf waters into the Labrador Sea, J. Geophys. Res. details
  5. Garry, F. K., E. L. McDonagh, A. T. Blaker, C. D. Roberts, D. G. Desbruyeres, E. Frajka-Williams, and B. A. King (in prep), Model derived uncertainties in deep ocean temperature trends between 1990–2010, J. Geophys. Res. details
  6. Hirschi, J. J.-M., E. Frajka-Williams, A. T. Blaker, B. Sinha, P. Hyder, A. Coward, and more (in prep), Loop Current variability as trigger of coherent Gulf Stream transport anomalies, details
  7. Frajka-Williams, E., J. Bamber, and K. Vage (in prep), Influence of Greenland and Arctic freshwater on the AMOC, Oceanogr. details
  8. Martini, K., E. Frajka-Williams, and C. Mouw (2009), Conference Report | The Pattullo Conference: Building community through mentoring, The Oceanography Society magazine, 22, 226–227. details
  9. Frajka-Williams, E. (2009), The spring phytoplankton bloom and vertical velocities in stratified and deep convecting Labrador Sea, as observed by Seagliders, PhD thesis, College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. details
  10. Frajka-Williams, E., P. Rhines, and C. Eriksen (2009), Physical controls and mesoscale variability in the Labrador Sea spring phytoplankton bloom observed by Seaglider, Deep Sea Res. I, 56, 2144–2161, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2009.07.008. details
  11. Frajka-Williams, E., E. Kunze, and J. A. MacKinnon (2005), Bispectra of Internal Tides and Parametric Subharmonic Instability, arXiv, 1–23. details
  12. Frajka-Williams, E. (2004), Convection in a Fluid Loop, in Proceedings of the WHOI Geophysical Fluid Dynamics program. details
  13. Barros, A. P., G. Kim, E. Williams, and S. W. Nesbitt (2004), Probing Orographic Controls in the Himalayas During the Monsoon Using Satellite Imagery, Nat. Haz. Earth Sys. Sci., 4, 29–51, doi:10.5194/nhess-4-29-2004. details