Eleanor Frajka-Williams

Peer-reviewed publications

Submitted and in prep

  1. Garry, F. K., E. L. McDonagh, A. T. Blaker, C. D. Roberts, D. G. Desbruyeres, E. Frajka-Williams, and B. A. King (n.d.), Model derived uncertainties in deep ocean temperature trends between 1990–2010, J. Geophys. Res. details
  2. Hirschi, J. J.-M., E. Frajka-Williams, A. T. Blaker, B. Sinha, P. Hyder, A. Coward, and more (n.d.), Loop Current variability as trigger of coherent Gulf Stream transport anomalies, details
  3. Frajka-Williams, E., F. Landerer, and T. Lee (n.d.), Fast response of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to mid-latitude winds, Geophys. Res. Lett. details
  4. Worthington, E., E. Frajka-Williams, and G. McCarthy (n.d.), Using GRACE and in situ bottom pressure recorders to evaluate external transports at 26^\circN, J. Geophys. Res. details
  5. Duchez, A., J. J.-M. Hirschi, W. Dorigo, N. Freychet, E. Frajka-Williams, and J. Mecking (n.d.), Winter preconditioning of hot European summers, Nat. Geosci. details
  6. Garry, F. K., C. D. Roberts, A. T. Blaker, E. L. McDonagh, E. Frajka-Williams, and B. A. King (n.d.), Spatial variation of ocean heat content change in CMIP5 models and implications for deep ocean observing, Clim. Dyn. details
  7. Evans, D. G., V. Hemsley, E. Frajka-Williams, A. Martin, S. Painter, and A. C. N. Garabato (n.d.), Full annual cycle of turbulence estimated from Seagliders, Geophys. Res. Lett. details

2018

  1. Calafat, F. M., T. Wahl, F. Lindsten, J. Williams, and E. Frajka-Williams (2018), Coherent modulation of the sea-level annual cycle in the United States by Atlantic Rossby waves, natcomm, 9, 2571, doi:10.1038/s41467-018-04898-y. details
  2. Dotto, T. S., A. C. Naveira Garabato, S. Bacon, M. Tsamados, P. R. Holland, J. Hooley, E. Frajka-Williams, A. Ridout, and M. P. Meredith (2018), Variability of the Ross Gyre, Southern Ocean: drivers and responses revealed by satellite altimetry, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 6195–6204, doi:10.1029/2018GL078607. details
  3. Frajka-Williams, E., M. Lankhorst, J. Koelling, and U. Send (2018), Coherent circulation changes in the Deep North Atlantic from 16N and 26N transport arrays, J. Geophys. Res., 123, 3427–3443, doi:10.1029/2018JC013949. details
  4. Schulze, L., and E. Frajka-Williams (2018), Wind-driven transport of fresh shelf waters into the Labrador Sea, Oc. Sci. Disc., doi:10.5194/os-2018-18. details
  5. Smeed, D. A., S. Josey, W. Johns, B. Moat, E. Frajka-Williams, D. Rayner, C. Meinen, M. Baringer, H. Bryden, and G. McCarthy (2018), The North Atlantic Ocean is in a state of reduced overturning, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 1527–1533, doi:10.1002/2017GL076350. details
  6. Sinha, B., D. A. Smeed, G. McCarthy, B. I. Moat, S. A. Josey, J. J.-M. Hirschi, E. Frajka-Williams, A. T. Blaker, and G. Madec (2018), The Accuracy of Estimates of the Overturning Circulation from Basin Wide Mooring Arrays, Prog. Oceangr., 160, 101–123, doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2017.12.001. details

2017

  1. Frajka-Williams, E., C. Beaulieu, and A. Duchez (2017), Emerging negative Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation index in spite of warm subtropics, Scientific Reports, 7, 11224, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-11046-x. details
  2. Elipot, S., E. Frajka-Williams, C. Hughes, S. Olhede, and M. Lankhorst (2017), Observed basin-scale response of the North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to wind stress forcing, J. Clim, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0664.1. details

2016

  1. Frajka-Williams, E., J. Bamber, and K. Vage (2016), Greenland Melt and the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, Oceanogr., doi:10.5670/oceanog.2016.96. details
  2. Duchez, A., E. Frajka-Williams, S. A. Josey, D. G. Evans, J. P. Grist, R. Marsh, G. D. McCarthy, B. Sinha, D. I. Berry, and J. J.-M. Hirschi (2016), Drivers of exceptionally cold North Atlantic Ocean temperatures and their link to the 2015 European heat wave, Env. Res. Lett., 11, 074004, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/7/074004. details
  3. Frajka-Williams, E. et al. (2016), Compensation between meridional flow components of the Atlantic MOC at 26N, Oc. Sci., 12, 481–493, doi:10.5194/os-12-481-2016. details
  4. Clement, L., E. Frajka-Williams, K. L. Sheen, J. A. Brearley, and A. C. Naveira Garabato (2016), Generation of Internal Waves by Eddies Impinging on the Western Boundary of the North Atlantic, J. Phys. Ocean., 46(4), 1067–1079, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-14-0241.1. details
  5. Moat, B. et al. (2016), Major Variations in Sub-Tropical North Atlantic Heat Transport at Short (5 day) Timescales and their Causes, J. Geophys. Res., 121, doi:10.1002/2016JC011660. details

2015

  1. Hemsley, V. S., T. J. Smyth, A. Martin, E. Frajka-Williams, G. Damerell, A. F. Thompson, and S. C. Painter (2015), Estimating oceanic primary production using vertical irradiance and chlorophyll profiles from ocean gliders in the North Atlantic, Environmental Science and Technology, 49(19), 11612–11621, doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b00608. details
  2. Frajka-Williams, E. (2015), Estimating the Atlantic MOC at 26N using satellite altimetry and cable measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42(9), 3458–3464, doi:10.1002/2015GL063220. details
  3. McCarthy, G. D., D. A. Smeed, W. E. Johns, E. Frajka-Williams, B. I. Moat, D. Rayner, M. O. Baringer, C. S. Meinen, and H. L. Bryden (2015), Measuring the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26N, Prog. Oceangr., 130, 91–111, doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2014.10.006. details

2014

  1. Smeed, D. A. et al. (2014), Observed decline of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation 2004 to 2012, Oc. Sci., 10, 29–38, doi:10.5194/os-10-29-2014. details
  2. Frajka-Williams, E. (2014), Sustaining observations of an unsteady ocean circulation, Phil. Trans. Royal Soc., 372(2025), 20130335, doi:10.1098/rsta.2013.0335. details
  3. Frajka-Williams, E., P. B. Rhines, and C. C. Eriksen (2014), Horizontal stratification during Deep convection in the Labrader Sea, J. Phys. Ocean., 44(1), 220–228, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-13-069.1. details
  4. Carton, J., S. A. Cunningham, E. Frajka-Williams, Y.-O. Kwon, D. P. Marshall, and R. Msadek (2014), The Atlantic overturning circulation: More evidence of variability and links to climate, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 95, 163–166, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00234.1. details
  5. Clément, L., E. Frajka-Williams, Z. B. Szuts, and S. A. Cunningham (2014), Vertical structure of eddies and Rossby waves and their effect on the Atlantic MOC at 26.5N, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 6479–6498, doi:10.1002/2014JC010146. details
  6. Cunningham, S. A., C. Roberts, E. Frajka-Williams, W. E. Johns, W. Hobbs, M. D. Palmer, D. Rayner, D. A. Smeed, and G. D. McCarthy (2014), Atlantic MOC slowdown cooled the subtropical ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 6202–6207, doi:10.1002/2013GL058464. details
  7. Duchez, A., S. A. Cunningham, J. J.-M. Hirschi, A. Blaker, H. Bryden, C. Atkinson, G. McCarthy, E. Frajka-Williams, D. Rayner, and D. Smeed (2014), A new index for the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation, J. Clim, 27(17), 6439–6455, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00052.1. details
  8. Duchez, A., E. Frajka-Williams, N. Castro, J. J.-M. Hirschi, and A. Coward (2014), Seasonal to interannual variability in density around the Canary Islands and their influence on the AMOC at 26N, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 1843–1860, doi:10.1002/2013JC009416. details
  9. Elipot, S., E. Frajka-Williams, C. Hughes, and J. Willis (2014), The observed North Atlantic MOC, its meridional coherence and ocean bottom pressure, J. Phys. Ocean., 44, 517–537, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-13-026.1. details
  10. Baringer, M. O. et al. (2014), Global Oceans: Meridional overturning circulation observations in the North Atlantic Ocean, in State of the Climate in 2013, vol. 95, edited by J. Blunden and D. S. Arndt, pp. S67–S69, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. details

2013

  1. Frajka-Williams, E., W. E. Johns, C. S. Meinen, L. M. Beal, and S. A. Cunningham (2013), Eddy impacts on the Florida Current, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 349–353, doi:10.1002/grl.50115. details
  2. Baringer, M. O. et al. (2013), Global Oceans: Meridional overturning circulation and heat transport observations in the Atlantic Ocean, in State of the Climate in 2012, vol. 94, edited by J. Blunden and D. S. Arndt, pp. S65–S68, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. details
  3. Roberts, C. D. et al. (2013), Atmosphere drives observed interannual variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5N, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 5164–5170, doi:10.1002/grl.50930. details
  4. Mielke, C., E. Frajka-Williams, and J. Baehr (2013), Observed and simulated variability of the AMOC at 26N and 41N, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 1159–1164, doi:10.1002/grl.50233. details

2012

  1. Baringer, M. O. et al. (2012), Global oceans: Meridional overturning circulation observations in the subtropical North Atlantic., in State of the Climate in 2011, vol. 93, edited by J. Blunden and D. S. Arndt, pp. S78–S81, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. details
  2. McCarthy, G., E. Frajka-Williams, W. E. Johns, M. O. Baringer, C. S. Meinen, H. L. Bryden, D. Rayner, A. Duchez, C. D. Roberts, and S. A. Cunningham (2012), Observed Interannual Variability of the Atlantic MOC at 26.5N, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L19609, doi:10.1029/2012GL052933. details

2011

  1. Frajka-Williams, E., C. C. Eriksen, P. B. Rhines, and R. R. Harcourt (2011), Determining Vertical Velocities from Seaglider, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 28(12), 1641–1656, doi:10.1175/2011JTECHO830.1. details
  2. Frajka-Williams, E., S. A. Cunningham, H. L. Bryden, and B. A. King (2011), Variability of Antarctic Bottom Water at 24.5N in the Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C11026, doi:10.1029/2011JC007168. details
  3. Baringer, M. O. et al. (2011), Meridional Overturning Circulation Observations in the Subtropical North Atlantic, in State of the Climate in 2010, vol. 92, edited by J. Blunden and D. S. Arndt, pp. S95–S98, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. details
  4. Rayner, D. et al. (2011), Monitoring the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation, Deep Sea Res. II, 58, 1744–1753, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.056. details

2010

  1. Frajka-Williams, E., and P. B. Rhines (2010), Physical controls and interannual variability of the Labrador Sea spring phytoplankton bloom in distinct regions, Deep Sea Res. I, 57(4), 541–552, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2010.01.003. details

<=2009

  1. Frajka-Williams, E., P. Rhines, and C. Eriksen (2009), Physical controls and mesoscale variability in the Labrador Sea spring phytoplankton bloom observed by Seaglider, Deep Sea Res. I, 56, 2144–2161, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2009.07.008. details
  2. Barros, A. P., G. Kim, E. Williams, and S. W. Nesbitt (2004), Probing Orographic Controls in the Himalayas During the Monsoon Using Satellite Imagery, Nat. Haz. Earth Sys. Sci., 4, 29–51, doi:10.5194/nhess-4-29-2004. details