Eleanor Frajka-Williams

Peer-reviewed publications

Submitted and in prep

  1. Frajka-Williams, E., F. Landerer, and T. Lee (n.d.), Fast response of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to mid-latitude winds, Geophys. Res. Lett. details
  2. Frajka-Williams, E., and others (submitted), OceanObs19: Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: Observed transport fluxes and mechanisms, Frontiers in Marine Science. details
  3. Hirschi, J. J.-M., E. Frajka-Williams, A. T. Blaker, B. Sinha, P. Hyder, A. Coward, and more (submitted), Loop Current variability as trigger of coherent Gulf Stream transport anomalies, J. Phys. Ocean. details
  4. Meinen, C. S., W. E. Johns, B. I. Moat, R. H. Smith, E. Johns, D. Rayner, E. Frajka-Williams, R. F. Garcia, and S. L. Garzoli (submitted), Structure and variability of the Antilles Current at 26.5^∘N, J. Geophys. Res. details
  5. Naveira Garabato, A. C. et al. (n.d.), Rapid mixing and exchange of deep-ocean waters in an abyssal boundary current, Science. details
  6. Testor, P., B. de Young, D. Rudnick, S. Glenn, D. Hayes, C. M. Lee, C. Pattiaratchi, and others (submitted), OceanObs19: OceanGliders: a component of the integrated GOOS, Frontiers in Marine Science. details

2019

  1. Garry, F. K., E. L. McDonagh, A. T. Blaker, C. D. Roberts, D. G. Desbruyeres, E. Frajka-Williams, and B. A. King (2019), Model derived uncertainties in deep ocean temperature trends between 1990–2010, J. Geophys. Res. details
  2. Worthington, E., E. Frajka-Williams, and G. McCarthy (2019), Using GRACE and in situ bottom pressure recorders to evaluate external transports at 26^\circN, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2018JC014221. details

2018

  1. Calafat, F. M., T. Wahl, F. Lindsten, J. Williams, and E. Frajka-Williams (2018), Coherent modulation of the sea-level annual cycle in the United States by Atlantic Rossby waves, natcomm, 9, 2571, doi:10.1038/s41467-018-04898-y. details
  2. Dotto, T. S., A. C. Naveira Garabato, S. Bacon, M. Tsamados, P. R. Holland, J. Hooley, E. Frajka-Williams, A. Ridout, and M. P. Meredith (2018), Variability of the Ross Gyre, Southern Ocean: drivers and responses revealed by satellite altimetry, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 6195–6204, doi:10.1029/2018GL078607. details
  3. Evans, D. G., N. S. Lucas, V. Hemsley, E. Frajka-Williams, A. Martin, S. C. Painter, A. C. Naveira Garabato, M. E. Inall, and M. R. Palmer (2018), Annual cycle of turbulence estimated from Seagliders, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45(19), 10,560–10,569, doi:10.1029/2018GL079966. details
  4. Evans, D. G., N. S. Lucas, V. Hemsley, E. Frajka-Williams, A. Martin, S. C. Painter, A. C. Naveira Garabato, M. E. Inall, and M. R. Palmer (2018), Annual cycle of turbulence estimated from Seagliders, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45(19), 10,560–10,569. details
  5. Frajka-Williams, E., M. Lankhorst, J. Koelling, and U. Send (2018), Coherent circulation changes in the Deep North Atlantic from 16N and 26N transport arrays, J. Geophys. Res., 123, 3427–3443, doi:10.1029/2018JC013949. details
  6. Frajka-Williams, E. (2018), Topographic Eddies, in Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences. details
  7. Schulze Chretien, L. M., and E. Frajka-Williams (2018), Wind-driven transport of fresh shelf water into the upper 30 m of the Labrador Sea, Oc. Sci., 14(5), 1247–1264, doi:10.5194/os-14-1247-2018. details
  8. Sinha, B., D. A. Smeed, G. McCarthy, B. I. Moat, S. A. Josey, J. J.-M. Hirschi, E. Frajka-Williams, A. T. Blaker, and G. Madec (2018), The Accuracy of Estimates of the Overturning Circulation from Basin Wide Mooring Arrays, Prog. Oceangr., 160, 101–123, doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2017.12.001. details
  9. Smeed, D. A., S. Josey, W. Johns, B. Moat, E. Frajka-Williams, D. Rayner, C. Meinen, M. Baringer, H. Bryden, and G. McCarthy (2018), The North Atlantic Ocean is in a state of reduced overturning, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 1527–1533, doi:10.1002/2017GL076350. details

2017

  1. Elipot, S., E. Frajka-Williams, C. Hughes, S. Olhede, and M. Lankhorst (2017), Observed basin-scale response of the North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to wind stress forcing, J. Clim, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0664.1. details
  2. Frajka-Williams, E., C. Beaulieu, and A. Duchez (2017), Emerging negative Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation index in spite of warm subtropics, Scientific Reports, 7, 11224, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-11046-x. details

2016

  1. Clement, L., E. Frajka-Williams, K. L. Sheen, J. A. Brearley, and A. C. Naveira Garabato (2016), Generation of Internal Waves by Eddies Impinging on the Western Boundary of the North Atlantic, J. Phys. Ocean., 46(4), 1067–1079, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-14-0241.1. details
  2. Duchez, A., E. Frajka-Williams, S. A. Josey, D. G. Evans, J. P. Grist, R. Marsh, G. D. McCarthy, B. Sinha, D. I. Berry, and J. J.-M. Hirschi (2016), Drivers of exceptionally cold North Atlantic Ocean temperatures and their link to the 2015 European heat wave, Env. Res. Lett., 11, 074004, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/7/074004. details
  3. Frajka-Williams, E., J. Bamber, and K. Vage (2016), Greenland Melt and the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, Oceanogr., doi:10.5670/oceanog.2016.96. details
  4. Frajka-Williams, E. et al. (2016), Compensation between meridional flow components of the Atlantic MOC at 26N, Oc. Sci., 12, 481–493, doi:10.5194/os-12-481-2016. details
  5. Moat, B. et al. (2016), Major Variations in Sub-Tropical North Atlantic Heat Transport at Short (5 day) Timescales and their Causes, J. Geophys. Res., 121, doi:10.1002/2016JC011660. details

2015

  1. Frajka-Williams, E. (2015), Estimating the Atlantic MOC at 26N using satellite altimetry and cable measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42(9), 3458–3464, doi:10.1002/2015GL063220. details
  2. Hemsley, V. S., T. J. Smyth, A. Martin, E. Frajka-Williams, G. Damerell, A. F. Thompson, and S. C. Painter (2015), Estimating oceanic primary production using vertical irradiance and chlorophyll profiles from ocean gliders in the North Atlantic, Environmental Science and Technology, 49(19), 11612–11621, doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b00608. details
  3. McCarthy, G. D., D. A. Smeed, W. E. Johns, E. Frajka-Williams, B. I. Moat, D. Rayner, M. O. Baringer, C. S. Meinen, and H. L. Bryden (2015), Measuring the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26N, Prog. Oceangr., 130, 91–111, doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2014.10.006. details

2014

  1. Baringer, M. O. et al. (2014), Global Oceans: Meridional overturning circulation observations in the North Atlantic Ocean, in State of the Climate in 2013, vol. 95, edited by J. Blunden and D. S. Arndt, pp. S67–S69, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. details
  2. Carton, J., S. A. Cunningham, E. Frajka-Williams, Y.-O. Kwon, D. P. Marshall, and R. Msadek (2014), The Atlantic overturning circulation: More evidence of variability and links to climate, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 95, 163–166, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00234.1. details
  3. Clément, L., E. Frajka-Williams, Z. B. Szuts, and S. A. Cunningham (2014), Vertical structure of eddies and Rossby waves and their effect on the Atlantic MOC at 26.5N, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 6479–6498, doi:10.1002/2014JC010146. details
  4. Cunningham, S. A., C. Roberts, E. Frajka-Williams, W. E. Johns, W. Hobbs, M. D. Palmer, D. Rayner, D. A. Smeed, and G. D. McCarthy (2014), Atlantic MOC slowdown cooled the subtropical ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 6202–6207, doi:10.1002/2013GL058464. details
  5. Duchez, A., S. A. Cunningham, J. J.-M. Hirschi, A. Blaker, H. Bryden, C. Atkinson, G. McCarthy, E. Frajka-Williams, D. Rayner, and D. Smeed (2014), A new index for the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation, J. Clim, 27(17), 6439–6455, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00052.1. details
  6. Duchez, A., E. Frajka-Williams, N. Castro, J. J.-M. Hirschi, and A. Coward (2014), Seasonal to interannual variability in density around the Canary Islands and their influence on the AMOC at 26N, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 1843–1860, doi:10.1002/2013JC009416. details
  7. Elipot, S., E. Frajka-Williams, C. Hughes, and J. Willis (2014), The observed North Atlantic MOC, its meridional coherence and ocean bottom pressure, J. Phys. Ocean., 44, 517–537, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-13-026.1. details
  8. Frajka-Williams, E. (2014), Sustaining observations of an unsteady ocean circulation, Phil. Trans. Royal Soc., 372(2025), 20130335, doi:10.1098/rsta.2013.0335. details
  9. Frajka-Williams, E., P. B. Rhines, and C. C. Eriksen (2014), Horizontal stratification during Deep convection in the Labrader Sea, J. Phys. Ocean., 44(1), 220–228, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-13-069.1. details
  10. Smeed, D. A. et al. (2014), Observed decline of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation 2004 to 2012, Oc. Sci., 10, 29–38, doi:10.5194/os-10-29-2014. details

2013

  1. Baringer, M. O. et al. (2013), Global Oceans: Meridional overturning circulation and heat transport observations in the Atlantic Ocean, in State of the Climate in 2012, vol. 94, edited by J. Blunden and D. S. Arndt, pp. S65–S68, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. details
  2. Frajka-Williams, E., W. E. Johns, C. S. Meinen, L. M. Beal, and S. A. Cunningham (2013), Eddy impacts on the Florida Current, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 349–353, doi:10.1002/grl.50115. details
  3. Mielke, C., E. Frajka-Williams, and J. Baehr (2013), Observed and simulated variability of the AMOC at 26N and 41N, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 1159–1164, doi:10.1002/grl.50233. details
  4. Roberts, C. D. et al. (2013), Atmosphere drives observed interannual variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5N, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 5164–5170, doi:10.1002/grl.50930. details

2012

  1. Baringer, M. O. et al. (2012), Global oceans: Meridional overturning circulation observations in the subtropical North Atlantic., in State of the Climate in 2011, vol. 93, edited by J. Blunden and D. S. Arndt, pp. S78–S81, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. details
  2. McCarthy, G., E. Frajka-Williams, W. E. Johns, M. O. Baringer, C. S. Meinen, H. L. Bryden, D. Rayner, A. Duchez, C. D. Roberts, and S. A. Cunningham (2012), Observed Interannual Variability of the Atlantic MOC at 26.5N, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L19609, doi:10.1029/2012GL052933. details

2011

  1. Baringer, M. O. et al. (2011), Meridional Overturning Circulation Observations in the Subtropical North Atlantic, in State of the Climate in 2010, vol. 92, edited by J. Blunden and D. S. Arndt, pp. S95–S98, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. details
  2. Frajka-Williams, E., S. A. Cunningham, H. L. Bryden, and B. A. King (2011), Variability of Antarctic Bottom Water at 24.5N in the Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C11026, doi:10.1029/2011JC007168. details
  3. Frajka-Williams, E., C. C. Eriksen, P. B. Rhines, and R. R. Harcourt (2011), Determining Vertical Velocities from Seaglider, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 28(12), 1641–1656, doi:10.1175/2011JTECHO830.1. details
  4. Rayner, D. et al. (2011), Monitoring the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation, Deep Sea Res. II, 58, 1744–1753, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.056. details

2010

  1. Frajka-Williams, E., and P. B. Rhines (2010), Physical controls and interannual variability of the Labrador Sea spring phytoplankton bloom in distinct regions, Deep Sea Res. I, 57(4), 541–552, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2010.01.003. details

<=2009

  1. Barros, A. P., G. Kim, E. Williams, and S. W. Nesbitt (2004), Probing Orographic Controls in the Himalayas During the Monsoon Using Satellite Imagery, Nat. Haz. Earth Sys. Sci., 4, 29–51, doi:10.5194/nhess-4-29-2004. details
  2. Frajka-Williams, E., P. Rhines, and C. Eriksen (2009), Physical controls and mesoscale variability in the Labrador Sea spring phytoplankton bloom observed by Seaglider, Deep Sea Res. I, 56, 2144–2161, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2009.07.008. details
  3. Garry, F. K., E. L. McDonagh, A. T. Blaker, C. D. Roberts, D. G. Desbruyeres, E. Frajka-Williams, and B. A. King (submitted), Model derived uncertainties in deep ocean temperature trends between 1990–2010, J. Geophys. Res. details
  4. Hirschi, J. J.-M., E. Frajka-Williams, A. T. Blaker, B. Sinha, P. Hyder, A. Coward, and more (submitted), Loop Current variability as trigger of coherent Gulf Stream transport anomalies, J. Phys. Ocean. details